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Table 4 Postoperative functional comparisons by procedures in the robotic group

From: Robotic surgery contributes to the preservation of bowel and urinary function after total mesorectal excision: comparisons with transanal and conventional laparoscopic surgery

Variables DST Hand sewn P value LLND No LLND P value
N = 22 N = 11 N = 19 N = 14
Distance from AV to tumor (mm) 60 (40–80) 35 (25–50) < 0.01 55 (30–80) 57.5 (25–70) 0.98
Anastomotic height from AV (mm) 50 (30–60) 25 (20–30) < 0.01 40 (20–50) 42.5 (20–60) 0.79
Wexner score 7 (0–16) 12 (9–20) < 0.01 11 (0–20) 9 (1–16) 0.88
Wexner ≥ 10, n (%) 8 (36.4) 9 (81.8) 0.02 11 (57.9) 6 (42.9) 0.49
LARS score 34 (11–41) 39 (34–41) < 0.01 36 (11–41) 34.5 (15–41) 0.34
Major LARS, n (%) 15 (68.2) 11 (100) 0.06 16 (84.2) 10 (71.4) 0.42
mFIQL score 29.2 (0–73.8) 45.2 (9.5–85.7) 0.06 40.9 (2.3–85.7) 32.1 (0–73.8) 0.54
mFIQL ≥ 50, n (%) 6 (27.3) 4 (36.4) 0.69 6 (31.6) 4 (28.6) 1.00
IPSS 2 (0–23) 5 (0–16) 0.49 3 (0–23) 2 (0–12) 0.08
Severe IPSS, n (%) 2 (9.1) 0 (0) 0.54 2 (10.5) 0 (0) 0.49
  1. AV anal verge, LARS low anterior resection syndrome, mFIQL modified fecal incontinence quality of life, IPSS international prostate symptom score, DST double staple technique, LLND lateral lymph node dissection
  2. Median (Range)