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Table 3 Pearson’s X2 test for factors associated with postoperative mortality and morbidity (Dindo-Clavien ≥ 3) in patients with acute mesenteric ischemia

From: Acute and chronic mesenteric ischemia: single center analysis of open, endovascular, and hybrid surgery

Mortality Yes (n = 13) No (n = 31) P value
Male gender (%) 46.2% 58.1% 0.469
Age (years) 72.8 (10.3) 69.77 (11.9) 0.832
ASA 3 (%) 23.1% 90.3%  < 0.001
DM (%) 53.8% 70.9% 0.118
Cardiac (%) 92.3% 87.1% 0.619
Renal failure (%) 46.1% 35.5% 0.507
Neoplasm (%) 0% 19.4% 0.088
Obesity (%) 7.7% 9.8% 0.834
COPD (%) 15.4% 9.68% 0.586
Etiology—Embolic (%) 15.39% 32.26% 0.252
Open surgical approach (%) 61.54% 61.29% 0.998
Bowel resection (%) 61.54% 38.71% 0.141
Second-look laparotomy (%) 30.78% 25.8% 0.736
Leukocytes (gpt/l) Mean (SD) 13.9 (7.8) 20.17 (13.64) 0.465
CRP (mg/l) Mean (SD) 89.49 (94.66) 107.1 (130.23) 0.603
Lactate (mmol/l) Mean (SD) 4.51 (3.33) 4.38 (5.935) 0.272
surgery duration (min) Mean (SD) 148.38(113) 94.4 (61.2) 0.482
ICU Stay (d) 10 (12.92) 5.97 (12) 0.05
Hospital stay (d) 13.85 (15.4) 26.35 (23.5) 0.144
Morbidity Yes (n = 34) No (n = 10) P value
Male Gender (%) 60% 52.9% 0.694
Age (years) 72.1 (11.3) 65.8 (11.1) 0.283
ASA 3 (%) 67.6% 80% 0.452
DM (%) 38.2% 30% 0.634
Cardiac (%) 85% 100% 0.198
Renal Failure (%) 35.3% 50% 0.401
Neoplasm (%) 11.8% 20% 0.505
Obesity (%) 11.7% 0% 0.255
COPD (%) 11.8% 10% 0.877
Etiology—Embolic (%) 29.4% 20% 0.557
Open surgical approach (%) 67% 40% 0.114
Bowel resection (%) 55.8% 10% 0.065
Second-look laparotomy (%) 20.5% 50% 0.066
Leukocytes (gpt/l) Mean (SD) 19.98 (1.72) 12.66 (13.86) 0.601
CRP (mg/l) Mean (SD) 110.9 (124.8) 71.1 (101.56) 0.307
Lactate (mmol/l) Mean (SD) 4.64 (4.71) 3.66 (7.065) 0.293
surgery duration (min) Mean (SD) 125.2 (80.07) 62.7 (76.9) 0.36
ICU Stay (d) Mean (SD) 7.79 (13.298) 5 (8.138) 0.352
Hospital stay (d) Mean (SD) 26.6 (23.14) 9.2 (9.331) 0.494
  1. AMI acute mesenteric ischemia, CMI chronic mesenteric ischemia
  2. ICU intensive care unit
  3. DM diabetes mellitus
  4. COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  5. ASA American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status Classification System