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Table 2 Preoperative laboratory values, technical details, and postoperative outcomes in 64 patients with AMI and CMI undergoing arterial revascularization from 2016–2021 (Mann–Whitney-Test for continuous and ordinal variables and Chi-square-test to the categorical variables used to compare CMI and AMI groups)

From: Acute and chronic mesenteric ischemia: single center analysis of open, endovascular, and hybrid surgery

Variable CMI AMI (n = 44) P value
Open (n = 1) Endovascular (n = 19) Total (n = 20) Open (n = 27) Endovascular/Hybrid (n = 17) Total  
Etiology (%)
Embolic 33.3% 17.4% 27.3%
Acute on Chronic 66.7% 82.4% 72.7%
CMI Stadium (%)    
2 0% 26.3% 25%
3 100% 73.7% 75%
Bowel Resection (%) 62.96% 17.65% 45.5%
Small intestine 40.7% 11.7% 29.5%
Colon 3.7% 0% 2.3%
Both 18.5% 5.88% 13.6%
Second-look laparotomy (%) 18.52% 41.18% 27.3%
Artery
None 0% 0% 0% 22.2% 5.9% 15.9%
AMS 100% 78.9% 80% 48.15% 58.8% 52.3%
TC 0% 21.1% 20% 14.8% 11.8% 13.6%
Both 0% 0% 0% 14.8% 23.5% 18.1%
Leukocytes(gpt/l) 18 10.6 (1.7) 10.95 (1.69) 20.14 (2.7) 15.4 (2.22) 18.3 (1.9) 0.011
CRP (mg/l) 30 37 (11.9) 37.5 (11.3) 96.12 (23.1) 110.97 (29.84) 101.89 (18.1) 0.072
Lactate (mmol/l) 2.2 1.4 (0.285) 1.45 (0.273) 4.267 (0.998) 4.665 (1.342) 4.42 (0.793) 0.016
In-Hospital mortality (%) 0% 0% 0% 29.6% 29.4% 29.5% 0.028
Dindo-Clavien ≥ 3 100% 15.8% 20% 85.2% 64.7% 77.3%  < 0.001
Surgery duration (min) 219 66.3 (8.1) 73.95 (10.8) 112.6 (14.1) 107.7 (24.16) 110.7 (12.6) 0.032
ITU Stay (d) 9 0.05 (0.229) 0.5 (0.45) 8.3 (2.8) 5.35 (1.87) 7.16 (1.85)  < 0.001
Hospital stay (d) 18 5.1 (1.01) 5.75 (1.16) 27.26 (4.7) 15.35 (3.68) 22.66 (3.3) 0.003
  1. AMI acute mesenteric ischemia, CMI chronic mesenteric ischemia
  2. AMS superior mesenteric artery
  3. CT celiac trunk
  4. ITU intensive care unit