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Table 1 Literature review of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst

From: Ectopic bronchogenic cyst in the retroperitoneal region: a case report and literature review of adult patients

No. Study Country Gender Age Primary symptoms Maximal size (cm) Location Treatment Specific features
1 Buckley 1998 [16] USA F 46 Epigastric pain and weight loss 4 Left adrenal gland Laparotomy  
2 Yamamoto 1998 [17] Japan F 49 No 3 Right adrenal glad Laparoscopic  
3 Itoh 1999 [18] Japan F 46 Pain in the left flank 8 Left adrenal glad Laparotomy  
4 Sullivan 1999 [19] Japan F 55 Lower abdominal discomfort 10 Retroperitoneal to ascending colon Laparotomy  
5 Yang 1999 [20] South Korea M 30 No 6 Left adrenal glad Laparotomy  
6 Reichelt 2000 [21] Germany M 46 No 3.8 Right retroperitoneum Laparotomy  
7 Haddadin 2001 [22] UK M 51 Epigastric pain 4 Left suprarenal region Laparotomy  
8 Anderson 2001 [23] USA M 33 Left flank pain and gross hematuria 6 Left suprarenal region Laparotomy Adenocarcinoma with P53 positive
9 Martin 2002 [24] Spain M 51 No 8 Left diaphragmic pillar Laparotomy  
10 Ingu 2002 [25] Japan F 46 Progressive left-arm numbness 4 Left hemidiaphragm Laparotomy  
11 Andersson 2003 [26] Sweden M 38 Upper abdominal pain and weight loss 4.5 Left posteriors to pancreas Laparotomy No recurrence 2 years follow-up
12 Ishikawa 2003 [15] Japan F 41 Left flank pain 9.2 Left adrenal gland Retroperitoneoscopic  
13 Hedayati 2003 [27] USA F 59 No 7 Left adrenal gland Laparotomy  
14 Hisatomi 2003 [28] Japan M 42 Left flank pain 12 Left retroperitoneal space Laparotomy  
15 Ishizuka 2004 [29] Japan M 36 No 5 Left adrenal glad Laparoscopic  
16 Goh 2004 [30] Singapore F 29 A right-sided abdominal mass 18.9 Right retroperitoneal region Laparotomy  
17 Paik 2005 [31] South Korea M 59 No 7 Superior border of pancreas neck Laparotomy Colon cancer
18 Wang 2006 [32] Taiwan M 69 Right upper quadrant discomfort 7 Left anterior pararenal space Laparotomy  
19 Kim 2007 [33] South Korea M 17 Abdominal pain 3.2 Left anterior pararenal space Laparotomy  
20 Chu 2007 [34] Taiwan M 55 No 4 Left adrenal gland Laparoscopic  
21 Roma 2008 [35] USA M 40 No 6.2 Left adrenal gland Laparoscopic  
22 Chung 2009 [36] South Korea F 41 No 4.8 Left adrenal gland Retroperitoneoscopic  
23 Obando 2009 [37] USA M 67 No 3.9 Between pancreas and stomach Laparoscopic  
24 Önol 2009 [38] Turkey M 36 No 6 Left adrenal Laparotomy  
25 Inaba 2010 [39] Japan F 64 No 4 Posterior wall of stomach Laparoscopic  
26 El Youssef 2010 [40] Portland M 44 No 3 Left adrenal mass Laparoscopic  
27 Diaz 2010 [41] Spain M 67 Low back pain 6 GEJ to left diaphragmatic crura Laparoscopic  
28 Petrina 2010 [42] Italy M 33 Epigastric abdominal pain 5 Ileal mesentery Laparotomy  
29 Alguraan 2012 [43] USA F 23 No 4 Right adrenal mass Retroperitoneoscopic Robotic excision
30 Parray 2012 [44] India F 30 Right upper quadrant pain 10 Right suprarenal area Laparotomy  
31 O'Neal 2012 [45] USA F 23 Vague abdominal discomfort 5.2 Left adrenal gland Retroperitoneoscopic  
32 Brient 2012 [7] France M 60 No NA Left diaphragmic pillar CT-guided biopsy No recurrence 3 years follow-up
33 Govaerts 2012 [2] Belgium M 48 No 7.5 Left adrenal glad Laparotomy  
34 Choi 2012 [14] South Korea F 45 Intermittent abdominal discomfort 8 Left adrenal gland Laparotomy  
35 Runge 2013 [6] Switzerland F 42 Epigastric pain 5.0 Left adrenal glad Laparoscopic Inside CEA 3777 μg/L
36 Cai 2013 [46] China F 26 No 4 Left adrenal region Laparotomy  
37 Castro 2013 [47] Portugal F 36 Abdominal pain 8 Left upper retroperitoneum Laparoscopic  
38 Jannasch 2013 [4] Germany M 50 In the left flank pain 4 Left adrenal region Retroperitoneoscopic CA19-9 144.1
39 Kluger 2013 [48] USA F 49 Intermittent epigastric pain 8.5 Right side of pancreas head Laparotomy Whipple’s procedure
40 Cao 2014 [9] China M 51 Intermittent fatigue 2.1 Bilateral adrenal Retroperitoneoscopic  
41 Dong 2014 [49] China F 30 No 2 Left suprarenal region Retroperitoneoscopic CEA elevated inside
42 Mirsadeghi 2014 [10] Iran M 23 Left upper quadrant pain 20 Between spleen and left kidney Laparotomy No recurrence 4 years follow-up
43 Terasaka 2014 [50] Japan M 27 No 5.4 Left adrenal gland Laparoscopic  
44 Bulut 2015 [51] Turkey F 25 Pain in the left flank 4 Left adrenal gland Laparoscopic  
45 Herek 2015 [52] Turkey M 42 Back pain 9 Left diaphragmic crura Laparotomy  
46 Jiang 2015 [53] China M 52 No 2.5 Left retroperitoneal space Retroperitoneoscopic  
47 Robertson 2015 [54] UK M 56 Right hypochondrial pain 6.6 Right hemidiaphragm Laparotomy Mesh repair
48 Tong 2015 [55] China F 36 Lower back pain 17 Left upper retroperitoneal space Laparotomy  
49 Trehan 2015 [56] India F 34 Heaviness in right flank 10 Right retroperitoneal hypochondrium Laparoscopic  
50 Yoon 2015 [57] South Korea M 57 No 4.8 Left adrenal gland Laparoscopic  
51 Pasquer 2016 [58] France M 36 No 2 Retro-rectal space Sacrococcygeal No recurrence after 3 years
52 Wang 2017 [13] China F 48 No 8 Left adrenal gland Laparoscopic  
53 Byers 2018 [8] USA M 52 No 3.1 Left adrenal gland FNA Colon cancer
54 Liu 2018 [5] China M 33 No 4.5 Left hepatic hilum Robotic surgery CA19–9 312iu/m
55 Yuan 2021* China F 53 Back pain 3.5 Left adrenal gland Laparoscopic Normal follow-up
  1. NA not available; GEJ gastroesophageal junction; FNA fine needle aspiration; M male; F female; UK United Kingdom; USA United States of American
  2. *Our case