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Table 4 Univariate analyses for abdominal complications and severe morbidity

From: Management of the injured bowel: preserving bowel continuity as a gold standard

  Abdominal complications No abdominal complications p Severe morbidity (Clavien–Dindo 3–5) No to mild morbidity p
Male 35 73 0.969 35 73 0.969
Female 8 17 8 17
Blunt trauma 20 33 0.278 24 29 0.009
Open trauma 23 57 19 61
Delay ≥ 6 h 10 20 0.59 10 20 0.238
Delay < 6 h 19 49 15 53
Transfusion ≥ 6 RBC units 15 11 0.002* 19 7  < 0.001
Transfusion < 6 RBC units 28 79 24 83
Fecal contamination 9 11 0.189 10 10 0.067
No fecal contamination 34 79 33 80
Associated injury 34 59 0.112 38 55 0.001
No associated injury 9 31 5 35
Mesenteric injury 15 25 0.403 18 22 0.041
No mesenteric injury 28 65 25 68
Other abdominal injury 17 17 0.011 18 16 0.003
No other abdominal injury 26 73 25 74
Hemodynamic shock 17 21 0.053 24 14  < 0.001
Hemodynamic stability 26 69 19 76
Treatment of other abdominal/thoracic injury 22 26 0.012 24 24 0.001
No other injury treated 21 64 19 66
ISS ≥ 15 26 51 0.678 35 42  < 0.001
ISS < 15 17 39 8 48
Stoma 14 11 0.005 15 10 0.001*
No stoma 29 79 28 80
Mean age (years) 37.1 36.6 0.846 38.3 36.1 0.419
Mean delay before surgery (hours) 14 8.3 0.165 18.5 7 0.006*
Mean transfusion 10.3 5.4  < 0.001 10.1 1.7  < 0.001
(RBC units)
Mean vascular expansion (mL) 3523 2664 0.008* 7088 4552 0.002*
Mean duration of surgery (hours) 3.15 2.65 0.175 3.5 2.5 0.008
Mean ISS 19.9 18.7 0.571 23.8 16.9  < 0.001
Mean NISS 28.9 24.9 0.109 32.7 23  < 0.001
Mean abdominal AIS 3.44 3.29 0.143 3.58 3.22  < 0.001
  1. Statistically significant results appear in italic
  2. *Results marked with asterisks remained significant after logistic regression