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Table 1 Data on admission

From: Management of the injured bowel: preserving bowel continuity as a gold standard

  n (%)
Patients  
 Male sex 108 (81%)
 Median age (years) 33.4 [11–79]
Type of trauma  
 Blunt 53 (40%)
 Stab wounds 54 (40%)
 Gunshot wounds 26 (20%)
Severity of trauma  
 Median ISS 17 [4–75]
 Median NISS 25 [9–75]
Delay to surgery  
 Median time (h) 3 [1–96]
 Patients over the 6-h limit 30 (23%)
Bowel injuries  
 Small bowel injuries 104 (78%)
 Colon injuries 62 (47%)
Associated injuries  
 None 40 (30%)
 Thorax 45 (35%)
 Limb or pelvic bones 43 (32%)
 Abdominal solid viscus (liver, spleen, pancreas) 34 (26%)
 Large blood vessels 26 (20%)
 Spine injury 25 (19%)
 Urinary tract 25 (19%)
 Other abdominal hollow viscus 14 (10%)
  Stomach 11
  Duodenum 1
  Rectum/anus 2
 Face 13 (10%)
 Central Nervous System 12 (9%)
Hemodynamic status on admission  
 Shock (SAP < 90 mmHg and/or need for vasopressor use) 38 (29%)
 Vascular expansion (mL, mean and SD) 5091 (SD 3025)
 Transfusion (RBC units, mean and SD) 4 (SD 7.5)
 Polytransfusion (over 6 RBC units in the first 24 h) 26 (20%)
  1. ISS  injury severity score, NISS  new injury severity score, SAP  systolic arterial pressure, RBC  red blood cell