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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of lumbar hernia (n = 28)

From: Clinical, surgical characteristics and long-term outcomes of lumbar hernia

Parameters n (%)
Sex  
 Male 13 (46)
 Female 15 (54)
Age (year: median [range]) 55 (5–79)
Previous lumbar trauma or surgery 7 (25)
BMI (kg/m2, mean ± SD) 23.0 ± 3.4
Congenital/acquried lumbar hernia 1 (4)/27 (96)
History of COPD 2 (7)
Side of lumbar hernia  
 Right 11 (39)
 Left 15 (54)
 Bilateral 2 (7.1)
Surperior/inferior lumbar hernia 25 (89)/3 (11)
Co-morbitity  
 Present 8 (29)
 Absent 20 (71)
Combined with inguinal hernia 2 (7.1)
Size of abdominal wall defect (cm, mean ± SD) 3.2 ± 1.84
Anesthesia method  
 General 16 (57)
 Local 12 (43)
Hospital stay (days, mean ± SD) 5.5 ± 3.1
  1. BMI Body Mass Index, SD standard deviation, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  2. Includes diabetes mellitus, chronic cardiovascular disease and liver cirrhosis