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Table 7 Factors related to mortality in univariate analysis

From: Mortality following emergency laparotomy: a Swedish cohort study

Mortality   30 days (%) 365 days (%) p-value
   Accumulated mortality  
Gender Female 14.2 27.0 0.695
  Male 14.2 26.2
ASA-classification 1 2.8 6.9  < 0.001
  2 3.2 9.7  
  3 14.9 32.6  
  4 44.9 62.2  
  5 45.5 63.6  
Pathology, peritonitis None 10.7 22.8  
  Purulent 16.3 27.9  
  Faecal 24.6 43.9  
  Other 27.6 37.9  < 0.001
Comorbidity-any None 10.2 22.2  
  Yes 17.9 30.7 0.020
 Renal failure None 12.3 24.4  
  Yes 27.8 46.7  < 0.001
 IHD None 12.3 25.1  < 0.001
  Yes 29.8 44.0  
 COPD None 13.0 25.9 0.008
  Yes 29.8 45.6  
 Heart failure None 12.4 25.0  < 0.001
  Yes 34.9 50.8  
Cancer diagnosis* None 13.8 18.1  < 0.001
  Yes 15.1 45.9  
Admitted to ICU at any time None 7.0 19.5  < 0.001
  Yes 37.9 52.1  
  1. Univariate analysis performed using Chi2-test. ASA American society of anaesthesiologist-classification of comorbidity. “Comorbidity-any” represents one or more of the following: Renal failure, IHD—ischemic heart disease, COPD—Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, heart failure, Diabetes, Obesity and smoker. *Cancer diagnosis of any kind from 3 years before until 1 year after surgery. ICU intensive care unit