Skip to main content

Table 6 Outcome related to demography for all operations

From: Mortality following emergency laparotomy: a Swedish cohort study

   Total number in the cohort 30-days 365-days Not deceased
    Accumulated mortality n (%)  
All operations   710 101 (14.2) 189 (26.6) 521 (73.4)
Primary surgery   597 85 (14.2) 149 (25.0) 448 (75.0)
Re-operation   113 16 (14.2) 39 (34.5) 74 (65.5)
Age
Mean age for all operations 65,6 (years)
18–29 34 2 (5.9) 2 (5.9) 32 (94.1)
30–39 39 0 (0.0) 1 (2.6) 38 (97.4)
40–49 65 2 (3.1) 6 (9.2) 59 (89.8)
50–59 92 5 (5.5) 13 (14.2) 79 (85.8)
60–69 127 11 (8.7) 25 (19.7) 102 (80.3)
70–79 164 29 (17.7) 56 (34.1) 108 (65.9)
80–89 167 41 (24.6) 72 (43.1) 95 (56.9)
90–100 22 11 (50.0) 14 (63.6) 8 (36.4)
Gender Female 393 56 (14.2) 106 (27.0) 287 (73.0)
Male 317 45 (14.2) 83 (26.2) 234 (73.8)
Comorbiditya Yes (one or more) 368 66 (17.9) 113 (30.7) 255 (69.3)
None of the below 342 35 (10.2) 76 (22.2) 266 (77.8)
COPD 57 17 (29.8) 26 (45.6) 31 (54.4)
IHD 84 25 (29.8) 37 (44.0) 47 (56.0)
Heart failure 63 22 (34.9) 32 (50.8) 31 (49.2)
Diabetes 82 12 (14.3) 30 (36.6) 52 (63.4)
Renal failure 90 25 (27.8) 42 (46.7) 48 (53.3)
Obesity 88 9 (10.2) 14 (15.9) 74 (84.1)
Smoker 92 11 (11.9) 19 (20.7) 73 (79.7)
Cancer diagnosisb 218 33 (15.1) 100 (45.9) 118 (54.1)
ASA-classification ASA 1 72 2 (2,8) 5 (6.9) 67 (93.1)
ASA 2 247 8 (3.2) 24 (9.7) 223 (90.3)
ASA 3 282 42 (14.9) 92 (32.6) 190 (67.4)
ASA 4 98 44 (44.9) 61 (62.2) 37 (37.8)
ASA 5 11 5 (45.5) 7 (63.6) 4 (36.4)
Multiple surgeryc   88 3 (3.4) 12 (13.6) 76 (86.4)
Pathological findings
Ileus Small intestine 334 28 (8.4) 60 (18.0) 274 (82.0)
  Colon 69 9 (13.0) 24 (34.8) 45 (65.2)
Intestinal perforation Colon 60 18 (30.0) 24 (40.0) 36 (60.0)
Small intestine 80 19 (23.8) 29 (36.3) 51 (63.7)
Ventricle 56 11 (19.6) 20 (35.7) 36 (64.3)
Anastomosis leakage 21 4 (19.0) 6 (28.6) 15 (71.4)
Peritonitis Purulent 43 7 (16.3) 12 (27.9) 31 (72.1)
  Faecal 57 14 (24.6) 25 (43.9) 32 (56.1)
  Other peritonitis 87 24 (27.6) 33 (37.9) 54 (62.1)
Intestinal ischemia/gangrene 81 21 (25.9) 30 (37.0) 51 (63.0)
Abdominal bleeding 43 10 (23.3) 14 (32.5) 29 (67.5)
Trauma laparotomy 21 2 (9.5) 4 (19.0) 17 (81.0)
  1. ASA American society of anaesthesiologist-classification of comorbidity
  2. a“Yes” related to comorbidity means that the patient had one or more of the specified comorbidities below. Ischemic heart disease (IHD), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Obesity classified as BMI > 30
  3. bCancer diagnosis of any kind from 3 years before until 1 year after surgery
  4. cThe cohort contains 41 patients who had EL more than once (1 patient had 4 operations, 4 patients had 3 operations and 36 patients had 2 operations), these 41 patients therefore represent 88 operations. Mortality variable has been adjusted so that an expiry only can be attributed as a result to the last of a patients operations