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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Umbilical two-port laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure for patent processus vaginalis in boys: incision-hiding and solo-like surgery

Items Open group Laparoscopic group P value
Age (year) 3.677 ± 2.327 (1.83–10) 5.409 ± 3.283 (1.5–12) 0.1694
Cases 15 10  
Sides 17 13  
 Left 4 3  
 Right 9 4  
 Bilateral 2 3 0.3577