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Table 3 Surgical management details

From: Indications and outcomes of enterovesical and colovesical fistulas: systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis of prevalence

Author Surgical approach Conversion rate (%) Intestinal surgery Bladder surgery Mean catheterization time (days) Mean length of stay (days)
Single stage (%) Two-stage (%) Three-stage (%) HP/definitive ileostomy or colostomy/other palliative interventions
Pollard Open 100%   55.7 22.9 11.5 9.9 (HP: 4.95) Simple dissection (% NR); partial cystectomy 3.2%; direct repair 1.6%   
McNamara Open 100%   75.4 24.6    Primary closure 34.4.%; excision and closure 16.4%; left open 49.2% 10 14
Holmes Open 100%   63.6 36.4    Partial cystectomy 54.6%; cystectomy and ileal loop 18.2%; cystectomy and urostomies 18.2%; cystectomy and uretric reimplantation 9.1%   
McBeath Open 100%   65.7 25.7 8.6 NR   
Munoz Open 100%   27.3 12.1 60.6 NR   
Vasilevsky Open 100%       Direct repair 100% 7  
Yamamoto Open 100%   100     Direct repair 100% 14 18
Walker Open 100%   78.9 5.2   HP: 15.7 No bladder repair 94.8%; partial cystectomy 5.2% 10  
Menenakos Laparoscopic 100% 5.5 100     Simple dissection (% NR); suture with device 40%; excision and closure 13.3.% 9 10
Najjar Open 100%   83.4 8.3 8.3   NR   
Kavanagh Open 96%; Laparoscopic 4%   48 36   16 Excision of a cuff of bladder 100%   29.4
Laurent Laparoscopic 100% 18.7 100     Direct repair 63.4%   5.7
Ferguson Open 100%   100     Direct repair 25.7%; omentoplasty 6.8% 7  
Melchior Open 100%   100     Direct repair 100% 7 \
Lynn NS NS 61 39   Simple repair 69.4%; advanced repair 30.6%   
Niebling Open 100%   93.5    6.5 Direct repair 100% 7  
Maciel Laparoscopic 73.3%; Robotic 26.7% 14.5 96 4    NR   4.1
Salgado-Nesme Open 50%; Laparoscopic 50% 25 83.4    16.6 NR 10 9 (open) / 15 (laparoscopic)
Taxonera Open 85%; Laparoscopic 15% 33.3 88.7 6.3   5 Direct repair 100%   14 (open) / 7 (laparoscopic)
Badic Open 50%; Laparoscopic 50% 43 100     Direct repair 64% 10 12.9 (open) / 13.1 (laparoscopic)
El-Haddad Open 100%   40 40 12.5 7.5 Minimal bladder surgery 45%; partial cystectomy 52.5%; ureter resection/re-anastomosis 7.5% 10  
Nevo Laparoscopic 100% 0 100     Simple dissection 30%; direct repair 70% 2–7 7 (median)
  1. NR not reported, HP Hartmann procedure