Skip to main content

Table 3 Incidence and risk (not using prophylactic mesh) of incisional hernia by long-term follow-up of subgroups

From: Long-term follow-up of prophylactic mesh reinforcement after emergency laparotomy. A retrospective controlled study

  General; N = 187 Group M; N = 56 (29.1) Group S; N = 131 (70.9) OR 95% CI P value
General (187) 56 (29.9) 8 (14.3) 48 (36.6) 2.56 1.3–5.06 0.002
Contaminated Surgery (groups III-IV*; N = 138) 48 (34.8) 6 (15) 42 (42.9) 2.85 1.32–6.18 0.002
Peritonitis (N = 72) 27 (37.5) 23 (45.1) 4 (19) 2.36 0.93–6.01 0.038
Cancer (N = 38) 12 (31.6) 0 12 (44.4) 0.008
SSI (N = 36) 18 (50) 1 (7.7) 17 (73.9) 9.63 1.43–64.15  < 0.001
Revision laparotomy (N = 49) 18 (36.7) 3 (14.3) 15 (53.7) 3.75 1.24–11.29 0.005
Obesity (N = 62) 22 (35.5) 4 (19) 18 (53.3) 2.31 0.894–5.94 0.053
Age; > 70 yr. (N = 85) 20 (23.5) 3 (10) 17 (30.9) 3.09 0.985–9.7 0.03
  1. *World Health Organization wound contamination classification [40], yr years