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Table 1 All reported cases of spontaneous biliary system perforation in pregnancy or early postpartum period

From: Spontaneous common bile duct perforation in full term pregnancy: a rare case report and review of literature

Name and year of publication Age/GP No. of cases Site of perforation Cause of perforation Surgery time Treatment References
Chaimoff et al. 1973 ? 1 Gall bladder ? ? ? [10]
Piotrowski et al. 1990 23 G1P0 1 CHD Gall stone Concomitant with C section Hepaticojejunostomy [2]
Behera et al. 1991 ? 1 Gall bladder Acute cholecystitis ? ? [11]
Goodlin et al. 1991 ? 4 Gall bladder Gangrene of Gall bladder Postpartum Cholecystectomy [12]
Petrozza et al. 1995 28 G7P6
23 G4P4
2 Gall bladder Gall stone Postpartum Cholecystectomy [13]
McGrath et al. 2005 34 G1P0 1 CBD Gall stone Postpartum Sphincterotomy + Stent placement [14]
Talwar et al. 2006 28 G2P1 1 Gall bladder Gall stone During pregnancy Cholecystectomy [15]
Talwar et al. 2006 21 G1P0 1 CBD Idiopathic During pregnancy Over T-tube repair [15]
Dabbas et al. 2008 20 G1P1 1 CBD Gall stone Postpartum Choledocholithotomy + Over T-Tube repair [16]
Bediako-Bowan et al. 2013 29 ? 1 CBD Idiopathic Postpartum Cholecystectomy + Over T-Tube repair [17]
Masroor et al. 2021 16 G1P1 1 CBD Idiopathic Postpartum Cholecystectomy + Over T-Tube repair Current study
  1. CHD Common hepatic duct, CBD Common bile duct, GP Gravida and Para