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Table 4 Comparative analysis of postoperative results among patients in the SARP and CC groups (n = 161)

From: Conditions associated with worse acceptance of a simplified accelerated recovery after surgery protocol in laparoscopic colorectal surgery

Variables SARP (n = 84) CC (n = 77) p-value
n % n %
Hospitalization time
Median (Q1; Q3) 3.00 (2.0; 4.00) 5.00 (5.0; 7.00)  < 0.0001a
Hospital discharge
 ≤ 3 days 51 (60%) 0 (0.0)  < 0.0001b
 > 3 days 33 (40%) 77 (100%)  
Nausea
Yes 30 (44.8) 37 (55.2) 0.113b
No 54 (57.4) 40 (42.6)  
Vomiting
Yes 19 (46.3) 22 (53.7) 0.387b
No 65 (54.2) 55 (45.8)  
Walking (days)
1st POD 64 (65.3) 34 (34.7)  < 0.0001b
After 1st POD 20 (31.7) 43 (68.3)  
Elimination of gas (days)
1st POD 49 (65.3) 26 (34.7) 0.002b
After 1st POD 35 (40.7) 51 (59.3)  
Bowel movements
Up to 3rd POD 56 (52.8) 50 (47.2) 0.817b
After 3rd POD 28 (50.9) 27 (49.1)  
Tolerance to free diet (days)
Up to 3rd POD 72 (97.3) 2 (2.7)  < 0.0001b
After 3rd POD 12 (13.8) 75 (86.2)  
Use of analgesics, anti-inflammatory drugs, and opioids
Yes 82 (54.7) 68 (45.3) 0.019b
No 2 (18.2) 9 (81.8)  
Return to the hospital and rehospitalization after discharge
Yes 1 (25.0) 3 (75.0) 0.350c
No 83 (52.9) 74 (47.1)  
Postoperative complications (Clavien–Dindo)
No complications 63 (51.6) 59 (48.37) 0.810
Complication, CD ≥ 1 21 (53.8) 18 (46.2)  
  1. Bold values indicate better results in patients submitted to the SARP protocol
  2. SARP simplified accelerated recovery program, C conventional postoperative care, CD Clavien–Dindo, POD postoperative day
  3. aMann–Whitney U test; basymptotic chi-square test; cexact chi-square test