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Table 1 Characteristics of patients who had permanent stoma surgery for the treatment of rectal cancer

From: Permanent stoma: a quality outcome in treatment of rectal cancer and its impact on length of stay

Variable Permanent Stoma Total (N = 2630) p-value
Yes (N = 552) No (N = 2078)
Sex
 Females 206 (37.3%) 848 (40.8%) 1054 (40.1%) 0.141
 Males 346 (62.7%) 1230 (59.1%) 1576 (59.9%)
Age
 Median (Range) 66.0 (32.0, 94.0) 63.0 (22.0, 97.0) 63.0 (22.0, 97.0) < 0.012
 Mean (SD) 65.1 (12.0) 62.2 (12.2) 62.8 (12.2)
Race
 White 427 (77.3%) 1519 (73.09%) 1946 (74.0%) 0.021
 African American 44 (7.9%) 132 (6.4%) 176 (6.7%)
 Hispanic or Latino 73 (13.2%) 370 (17.8%) 443 (16.8%)
 Missing 8 57 65
Elixhauser Score
 0 134 (24.2%) 624 (30.0%) 758 (28.8%) 0.011
 1–2 257 (46.5%) 984 (47.3%) 1241 (47.2%)
 3–5 161 (29.1%) 470 (22.6%) 631 (24.0%)
Metastatic cancer
 No 401 (72.6%) 1682 (80.9%) 2083 (79.2%) < 0.011
 Yes 151 (27.3%) 396 (19.0%) 547 (20.8%)
Obesity
 No 479 (86.8%) 1791 (86.1%) 2270 (86.3%) 0.721
 Yes 73 (13.2%) 287 (13.8%) 360 (13.7%)
Patient Payer
 Medicare 147 (26.6%) 416 (20.0%) 563 (21.4%) < 0.011
 Medicare Managed Care 121 (21.9%) 407 (19.5%) 528 (20.1%)
 Medicaid 46 (8.3%) 123 (5.9%) 169 (6.4%)
 Commercial 205 (37.1%) 1041 (50.0%) 1246 (47.4%)
 Self-Pay/Uninsured 33 (6.0%) 91 (4.3%) 124 (4.7%)
Patient Region
 Southwest Florida 108 (19.6%) 313 (15.0%) 421 (16.7%) 0.051
 Northeast Florida 48 (8.7%) 233 (11.2%) 281 (11.1%)
 Northwest Florida 36 (6.5%) 108 (5.1%) 144 (5.7%)
 Southeast Florida 101 (18.3%) 371 (17.9%) 472 (18.7%)
 Central Florida 97 (17.6%) 384 (18.4%) 481 (19.0%)
 South Florida 41 (7.4%) 254 (12.2%) 295 (11.7%)
 West Central Florida 88 (15.9%) 343 (16.5%) 431 (17.1%)
 Missing 33 72 105
Patient county
 Rural 37 (6.7%) 104 (5.0%) 141 (5.6%) 0.091
 Urban 482 (87.3%) 1902 (91.5%) 2384 (94.4%)
 Missing 33 72 105
Year
 2015 43 (7.8%) 184 (8.9%) 227 (8.6%) 0.361
 2016 192 (34.8%) 759 (36.5%) 951 (36.2%)
 2017 148 (26.8%) 576 (27.7%) 724 (27.5%)
 2018 169 (30.6%) 559 (27.0%) 728 (27.7%)
Length of Stay (Days)
 Median (Range) 6.0 (1.0, 14.0) 5.0 (1.0, 14.0) 5.0 (1.0, 14.0) < 0.012
 Mean (SD) 6.6 (2.9) 5.4 (2.8) 5.6 (2.8)
Surgical approach
 Open surgery 306 (55.4%) 868 (41.2%) 1174 (47.6%) < 0.011
 Minimally invasive surgery 196 (35.5%) 1097 (52.8%) 1293 (52.4%)
 Missing 50 113 163
  1. 1Chi-Square p-value
  2. 2Kruskal–Wallis p-value