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Table 1 Patient’s demographic and clinical characteristics

From: Treatment with endoscopic transnasal resection of hypothalamic pilocytic astrocytomas: a single-center experience

  Case 1 Case 2 Case 3 Case 4 Case 5
Age 46 20 41 14 22
Gender Female Female Female Female Female
Clinical presentation Bilaterla visual disturbance, headache, amenhorrea Headache, amenhorrea, weight gain Amenhorrea,dizziness memory deterioration Menstrual disorder, headache Menstrual disorder
Preoperative pituitary function Normal Hyperprolactinemia Low free thyroxine Normal Normal
Tumor size (mm) 43 × 42 30 × 25 31 × 30 46 × 45 25 × 21
Intratumoral cyst/calcification Solid and Cyst Cyst Solid and Cyst Solid and Cyst Solid and Cyst
Displacement of chiasm Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Resection Gross-total Gross-total Gross-total Subtotal Gross-total
Preservation of stalk No Yes Yes No Yes
Histologic type PA PA PA PA PA
Postoperative pituitary function Hypopituitarism Hyperprolactinemia Hypopituitarism Hypopituitarism Hypopituitarism
Vision outcomes Die Improved No change Deterioration No change