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Table 2 Overall short-term surgical outcomes

From: Short-term outcomes after minimally invasive versus open pancreaticoduodenectomy in elderly patients: a propensity score-matched analysis

Variables MIPD (N = 26) OPD (N = 119) P-value
EBL (mL, IQR) 300 (87–562) 300 (150–400) 0.981
Operation time (min, IQR) 540 (420–662) 462 (370–596) 0.011
Conversion (n, %) 3 (11.5%)
P duct size (mm ± SD) 3.27 ± 1.41 3.57 ± 2.04 0.958
POHS (days, IQR) 18 (14–26) 24 (19–33) 0.001
Initiate oral diet (days, IQR) 5 (3–6) 5 (3–6) 0.676
Ambulation (days, IQR) 6 (4–7) 6 (4–7) 0.815
Drain removal (days, IQR) 16 (12–20) 22 (16–30) < 0.001
ICU stay (days, IQR) 3 (2–6) 3 (2–6) 0.743
TPN dependence (days, IQR) 7 (5–11) 8 (6–12) 0.184
Major complication (≥ CD Gr. 3) 3 (11.5%) 27 (22.7%) 0.157
PPH (Grade B and C) 2 (7.7%) 10 (8.4%) 0.633
DGE (Grade B and C) 2 (7.7%) 28 (24.6%) 0.071
POPF (Grade B and C) 2 (7.7%) 26 (21.8%) 0.077
Pulmonary complication 0 (0%) 10 (8.4%) 0.129
IAI 5 (19.2%) 40 (33.6%) 0.113
30-day readmission 1 (3.8%) 7 (5.8%) 0.865
Mortality 0 (0%) 6 (5.0%) 0.299
  1. Italic indicate statistic significance
  2. EBL estimated blood loss, IQR interquartile range, SD standard deviation, POHS post-operative hospital stay, ICU intensive care unit, TPN total parenteral nutrition, CD Gr. Clavien–Dindo grade, PPH post-pancreatectomy hemorrhage, DGE delayed gastric emptying, POPF post-operative pancreatic fistula, IAI intraabdominal infection