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Table 2 Comparison of quality-of-life parameters between the group undergoing trans-oral endoscopic thyroidectomy and the group undergoing conventional open thyroidectomy. This table is based on the specific thyroid surgery-related QOL questionnaire

From: Comparison of quality of life between patients undergoing trans-oral endoscopic thyroid surgery and conventional open surgery

Specific thyroid surgery-related QOL parameter and gradePostoperative 2 weeksPostoperative 6 weeksPostoperative 12 weeks
Trans-oral endoscopic thyroidectomyOpen thyroidectomyP valueTrans-oral endoscopic thyroidectomyOpen thyroidectomyP valueTrans-oral endoscopic thyroidectomyOpen thyroidectomyP value
Numbness N (%): 010 (31.3)25 (65.8)0.05315 (46.9)26 (68.4)0.39818 (56.3)25 (69.4)0.819
112 (37.5)6 (15.8)11 (34.4)5 (13.2)9 (28.1)7 (19.4)
25 (15.6)2 (5.3)1 (3.1)4 (10.5)2 (6.3)2 (5.6)
35 (15.6)5 (13.2)5 (15.6)3 (7.9)3 (9.4)2 (5.6)
Tingling N (%): 020 (62.5)12 (31.6)0.06019 (59.4)13 (34.2)0.05222 (68.8)13 (36.1)0.009*
17 (21.9)15 (39.5)10 (31.3)13 (34.2)9 (28.1)15 (41.7)
23 (9.4)8 (21.1)1 (3.1)9 (23.7)0 (0.0)4 (11.1)
32 (6.3)3 (7.9)2 (6.3)3 (7.9)1 (3.1)4 (11.1)
Cosmetic N (%): 428 (87.5)10 (26.3)< 0.001*24 (75.0)10 (26.3)< 0.001*30 (93.8)12 (33.3)< 0.001*
33 (9.4)7 (18.4)6 (18.8)10 (26.3)1 (3.1)12 (33.3)
21 (3.1)14 (36.8)1 (3.1)15 (39.5)0 (0.0)8 (22.2)
10 (0.0)7 (18.4)0 (0.0)3 (7.9)0 (0.0)2 (5.6)
00 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (3.1)0 (0.0)1 (3.1)2 (5.6)
Voice impairment N (%): 024 (75.0)20 (52.6)0.40426 (81.3)19 (50.0)0.06329 (90.6)26 (72.2)0.269
10 (0.0)3 (7.9)1 (3.1)3 (7.9)1 (3.1)5 (13.9)
21 (3.1)2 (5.3)2 (6.3)10 (26.3)1 (3.1)4 (11.1)
31 (3.1)5 (13.2)1 (3.1)4 (10.5)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
46 (18.8)8 (21.1)2 (6.3)2 (5.3)1 (3.1)1 (2.8)
Swallowing impairment N (%): 019 (59.4)18 (47.4)0.28124 (75.0)19 (50.0)0.036*27 (84.4)26 (72.2)0.508
14 (12.5)0 (0.0)2 (6.3)3 (7.9)2 (6.3)2 (5.6)
24 (12.5)9 (23.7)5 (15.6)6 (15.8)3 (9.4)4 (11.1)
33 (9.4)1 (2.6)0 (0.0)1 (2.6)0 (0.0)1 (2.8)
42 (6.3)10 (26.3)1 (3.1)9 (23.7)0 (0.0)3 (8.3)
Neck movement impairment N (%): 06 (18.8)10 (26.3)> 0.99912 (37.5)15 (39.5)> 0.99921 (65.6)18 (50.0)0.622
16 (18.8)3 (7.9)10 (31.3)5 (13.2)5 (15.6)8 (22.2)
28 (25.0)9 (23.7)5 (15.6)8 (21.1)3 (9.4)6 (16.7)
33 (9.4)4 (10.5)1 (3.1)3 (7.9)2 (6.3)0 (0.0)
49 (28.1)12 (31.6)4 (12.5)7 (18.4)1 (3.1)4 (11.1)
Shoulder movement impairment N (%): 030 (93.8)36 (94.7)> 0.99930 (93.8)33 (86.8)> 0.99932 (100.0)34 (94.4)NA
12 (6.3)0 (0.0)1 (3.1)3 (7.9)0 (0.0)1 (2.8)
20 (0.0)1 (2.6)1 (3.1)2 (5.3)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
30 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
40 (0.0)1 (2.6)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (2.8)
Physical activity reduction N (%): 022 (68.8)11 (29.0)0.001*27 (84.4)26 (68.4)0.30329 (90.6)29 (80.6)0.620
13 (9.4)1 (2.6)3 (9.4)4 (10.5)3 (9.4)3 (8.3)
22 (6.3)10 (26.3)1 (3.1)4 (10.5)0 (0.0)2 (5.6)
33 (9.4)3 (7.9)1 (3.1)3 (7.9)0 (0.0)1 (2.8)
42 (6.3)13 (34.2)0 (0.0)1 (2.6)0 (0.0)1 (2.8)
Psychosocial impairment N (%): 028 (87.5)17 (44.7)< 0.001*29 (90.6)25 (65.8)0.028*32 (100.0)28 (77.8)NA
13 (9.4)4 (10.5)3 (9.4)4 (10.5)0 (0.0)2 (5.6)
20 (0.0)3 (7.9)0 (0.0)1 (2.6)0 (0.0)2 (5.6)
31 (3.11 (2.6)0 (0.0)2 (5.3)0 (0.0)3 (8.3)
40 (0.00)13 (34.2)0 (0.0)6 (15.8)0 (0.0)1 (2.8)
VAS Pain score (0–10)
Mean (SD)
1.6 (2.0)1.6 (2.3)> 0.9990.6 (1.5)1.3 (1.9)0.2980.3 (1.0)0.6 (1.5)> 0.999
Overall satisfaction (10–0)
Mean (SD)
8.9 (1.3)7.3 (2.2)< 0.001*9.4 (0.7)8.1 (1.8)0.001*9.8 (0.4)8.9 (1.7)0.022*
  1. * p < 0.05: statistically significance