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Table 1 Clinical data of 8 patients

From: Challenges and management of laparoscopic treatment of pyonephrosis caused by calculi

No Sex Age (years) Cr before Np, μmol/L Infected side Stone size (cm) Grade of HDN GFR before Np (left/right, ml/min) PCNL or FURL before Np Fistula Urine culture
1 Male 55 104 Left 4.9 3 23.9/56.0 3 PCNL Yes Sterile
2 Female 27 77 Left 3.5 3 24.3/57.1 4 PCNL No E. coli
3 Female 32 74 Left 6.2 3 35.9/55.6 3 PCNL Yes E. coli
4 Female 65 66 Right 3.3 3 76.9/20.3 2 FURL No E. coli
5 Male 37 66 Right 2.6 2 47.3/19.4 2 FURL Yes Proteus
6 Female 41 103 Right 6.0 3 43.7/23.3 3 PCNL No Candida
7 Female 49 61 Left 6.8 2 11.2/51.6 1 PCNL Yes E. coli
8 Female 60 82 Right 8.5 3 70.2/16.1 1 PCNL No Proteus
  1. Ultrasonographic grading of hydronephrosis (HDN) was defined as follows [2]: Grade 1 = subtle distension of the fornices to frank distension of the calices, with easily identifiable papillae; grade 2 = calices ballooned outward and papillae barely visible; grade 3 = marked HDN with a saclike collecting system and markedly thin parenchyma.
  2. Cr creatinine, Np nephrectomy