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Table 1 Characteristics of the included studies

From: Effect of stellate ganglion block on postoperative recovery of gastrointestinal function in patients undergoing surgery with general anaesthesia: a meta-analysis

Study ID Kind of operation Age year (sd) Sex
M/F
Time of SGB Ultrasound guided (yes or no) Treatment of SGB group (n; side of placement; medication) Treatment of control group (n; side of placement; medication) Time of resuming peristaltic sound hours (sd) Flatus time hours (sd) Time of postoperative eating hours (sd) Incidence of abdominal bloating Harms related to SGB
Chunying et al. [13] Laparoscopic gynecological surgery 43.57 (9.06) 0/41 After induction Yes 21; right; 1% Lidocaine, 2 ml 20; right; 0.9% NS, 2 ml SGB group: 22 (20.3) Control group: 30.3 (20.1) SGB group: 15.4 (4.4); Control group: 20.7 (5.1) SGB group: 23.8%; Control group: 60% No
Lihua et al. [14] GI surgery 57.69 (9.47) 41/14 Before induction yes 18; left; 0.5% Ropivacaine, 7 ml 37; left; 0.9% NS, 7 ml SGB group: 46 (31) Control group: 73 (36) SGB group: 66 (34); Control group: 95 (45) No
Renbo et al. [16] GI surgery 62.07 (15.86) 43/35 Before induction No 39; 1% Lidocaine, 8–10 ml 39; no treatment to SG SGB group: 27.58 (6.7); Control group: 54.64 (8.9) SGB group: 32.46 (6.3); Control group: 86.37 (9.5) - No
Peng et al. [17] Posterior spinal surgery 43.60 (9.05) 21/19 After induction Yes 20; right; 1% Lidocaine, 6 ml 20; right; 0.9% NS,6 ml SGB group: 16.2 (24.9); Control group: 32.1 (24.8) SGB group: 12 (4.4); Control group: 14.7 (4.6) SGB group: 10%; Control group: 45% No
Yuxin et al. [15] GI surgery 57.45 (8.12) 48/12 Before induction no 30; right; 1% Lidocain, 8–10 ml 30; no treatment to SG SGB group: 72.15 (17.1); Control group: 85.8 (20.5) SGB group: 179.8 (41.7); Control group: 229.35 (83.6) - No
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD. Items that could not be extracted from the original articles are described as “−”
  2. SGB stellate ganglion block, GI gastrointestinal, NS normal saline, h hours