Skip to main content

Table 4 Postoperative outcomes and complications

From: Long-term outcomes of intervention between open repair and endovascular aortic repair for descending aortic pathologies: a propensity-matched analysis

Characteristics Overall series After matching
Open repair
N = 45
TEVAR
N = 91
p-value Open repair
N = 35
TEVAR
N = 35
p-value
Outcomes
 Operative time 420.6 ± 182.9 149.3 ± 92.9  < 0.001 386.7 ± 124.5 150.9 ± 88.7  < 0.001
 Postop Hospital stay (day) 41.5 ± 42.7 18.3 ± 16.0  < 0.001 34.2 ± 26.5 15.1 ± 8.6  < 0.001
 Total ICU stay (day) 19.6 ± 31.2 5.7 ± 14.0  < 0.001 17.7 ± 24.6 3.7 ± 5.4 0.002
 Total ventilator care (min) 145.7 ± 334.1 33.6 ± 158.2 0.009 111.9 ± 225.4 11.9 ± 48.6 0.008
 Reintubation 7 (15.6) 4 (4.4) 0.025 5 (14.3) 1 (2.9) 0.088
Complications
 Acute kidney injury 19 (42.2) 18 (19.8) 0.006 15 (42.9) 6 (17.1) 0.019
 Dialysis 6 (13.3) 6 (6.6) 0.192 3 (8.6) 1 (2.9) 0.303
 Hematologic complications 1 (2.2) 2 (2.2) 0.993 1 (2.9) 0 (0.0) 0.314
 Bleeding 9 (20.0) 3 (3.3) 0.001 6 (17.1) 2 (5.7) 0.133
 Spinal cord injury 2 (4.4) 1 (1.1) 0.211 1 (2.9) 0 (0.0) 0.314
 Stroke 3 (6.7) 1 (1.1) 0.071 2 (5.7) 0 (0.0) 0.151
 Pulmonary complications 9 (20.0) 7 (7.7) 0.036 7 (20.0) 2 (5.7) 0.074
 Wound complications 12 (26.7) 6 (6.6) 0.001 9 (25.7) 3 (8.6) 0.057
 In-hospital mortality 5 (11.1) 3 (3.3) 0.068 3 (8.6) 1 (2.9) 0.303
 30-day mortality 5 (11.1) 4 (4.4) 0.138 3 (8.6) 2 (5.7) 0.643
  1. Values are presented as mean ± standard deviation or number of patients (%)
  2. TEVAR thoracic endovascular aortic repair, Postop postoperative, ICU intensive care unit