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Table 2 Descending thoracic aortic diseases details of patients

From: Long-term outcomes of intervention between open repair and endovascular aortic repair for descending aortic pathologies: a propensity-matched analysis

Characteristics Overall series After matching
Open repair
N = 45
TEVAR
N = 91
p-value Open repair
N = 35
TEVAR
N = 35
p-value
Acute 15 (33.3) 20 (22.0) 0.154 13 (37.1) 7 (20.0) 0.112
Rupture 19 (42.2) 21 (23.1) 0.021 16 (45.7) 9 (25.7) 0.081
Preoperative diagnosis
 Dissection 10 (22.2) 27 (29.7) 0.358 8 (22.9) 10 (28.6) 0.584
 PAU 2 (4.4) 1 (1.1) 0.211 2 (5.7) 0 (0.0) 0.151
 Pseudoaneurysm 33 (73.3) 63 (69.2) 0.621 25 (71.4) 25 (71.4) 1.000
Arch involvement 12 (26.7) 14 (15.4) 0.115 9 (25.7) 4 (11.4) 0.124
Maximal aortic size (mm) 54.9 ± 4.7 51.5 ± 4.5 0.471 52.8 ± 4.8 51.8 ± 3.7 0.985
Aortic tear site
 Arch 5 (11.1) 4 (4.4) 0.138 4 (11.4) 1 (2.9) 0.164
 Isthmus 8 (17.8) 34 (37.4) 0.020 6 (17.1) 12 (34.3) 0.101
 Descending 32 (71.1) 53 (58.2) 0.145 25 (71.4) 22 (62.9) 0.445
Malperfusion 5 (11.1) 3 (3.3) 0.068 3 (8.6) 0 (0.0) 0.077
CSF drainage 14 (31.1) 17 (18.7) 0.104 8 (22.9) 7 (20.0) 0.771
Emergency 17 (37.8) 28 (30.8) 0.414 16 (45.7) 9 (25.7) 0.081
  1. Values are presented as mean ± standard deviation or number of patients (%)
  2. TEVAR thoracic endovascular aortic repair, PAU penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer, CSF cerebrospinal fluid