Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients

From: Long-term outcomes of intervention between open repair and endovascular aortic repair for descending aortic pathologies: a propensity-matched analysis

Characteristics Overall series After matching
Open repair
N = 45
TEVAR
N = 91
p-value Open repair
N = 35
TEVAR
N = 35
p-value
Age (years) 56.0 (43.0–64.0) 65.0 (57.0–72.0)  < 0.001 60.0 (49.0–69.0) 59.0 (51.0–68.0) 0.967
Men 31 (30.1) 72 (69.9) 0.279 25 (71.4) 30(85.7) 0.145
Height (cm) 167 ± 10.0 166 ± 9.0 0.623 164.8 ± 10.1 168.3 ± 7.6 0.112
Weight (kg) 66.1 ± 13.2 64.9 ± 11.0 0.584 65.7 ± 12.9 68.9 ± 12.4 0.283
Initial SBP (mmHg) 133.5 ± 34.2 141.3 ± 29.3 0.208 135.7 ± 37.3 145.5 ± 27.1 0.215
Hypertension 30 (66.7) 66 (72.5) 0.480 26 (74.3) 25 (71.4) 0.788
Diabetes 5 (11.1) 12 (13.2) 0.731 5 (14.3) 1 (2.9) 0.088
Current smoking 20 (44.4) 36 (39.6) 0.586 16 (45.7) 16 (45.7) 1.000
Obesity 2 (4.4) 3 (3.3) 0.738 2 (5.7) 2 (5.7) 1.000
CAOD 4 (8.9) 10 (11.0) 0.705 3 (8.6) 6 (17.1) 0.284
PAOD 4 (18.2) 18 (81.8) 0.105 4 (11.4) 5 (14.3) 0.721
COPD 2 (4.4) 4 (4.4) 0.990 2 (5.7) 2 (5.7) 1.000
Cerebrovascular accident 1 (2.2) 11 (12.1) 0.056 1 (2.9) 4 (11.4) 0.164
Acute kidney injury 2 (4.4) 5 (5.5) 0.794 2 (5.7) 1 (2.9) 0.555
Chronic renal failure 4 (8.9) 7 (7.7) 0.810 2 (5.7) 3 (8.6) 0.643
Previous cardiac operation 10 (22.2) 18 (19.8) 0.740 3 (8.6) 6 (17.1) 0.284
Connective tissue disease 8 (17.8) 1 (1.1)  < 0.001 2 (5.7) 0 (0.0) 0.151
Preoperative status
 Shock 7 (15.6) 5 (5.5) 0.052 5 (14.3) 3 (8.6) 0.654
 Hemoptysis 6 (13.3) 11 (12.1) 0.836 4 (11.4) 4 (11.4) 1.000
 Persistent pain 37 (82.2) 73 (80.2) 0.780 30 (85.7) 27 (77.1) 0.356
 Neurologic deficit 3 (6.7) 3 (3.3) 0.368 2 (5.7) 0 (0.0) 0.151
  1. Values are presented as the median (interquartile range), mean ± standard deviation or number of patients (%)
  2. TEVAR thoracic endovascular aortic repair, SBP systemic blood pressure, CAOD coronary artery occlusive disease, PAOD peripheral artery occlusive disease, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease