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Fig. 1 | BMC Surgery

Fig. 1

From: Comparison of robot-assisted retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy versus retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy for large pheochromocytoma: a single-centre retrospective study

Fig. 1

Representative intraoperative images of a patient with a 7-cm right-sided PHEO who underwent RARLA. a The first anatomical layer (between the peritoneal reflex and RAC), b the second anatomical layer (between the dorsal kidney and the psoas major), c the third anatomical layer (between the upper pole of the kidney and the adrenal gland), and d ligation and disconnection of the CAV are shown in the intraoperative photo. CAV, Central adrenal vein; IVC, Inferior vena cava; PHEO, Pheochromocytoma; RAC, Renal adipose capsule; RARLA, Robot-assisted retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy

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