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Table 2 Daily dietary intake of energy and macronutrients and percent of individuals had adequacy intake at the 6th and 12th month post-Bariatric Surgery compared to dietary recommendations

From: Dietary macro- and micro-nutrients intake adequacy at 6th and 12th month post-bariatric surgery

Variables Reference b Post-operation c (n = 58) P-value Adequacy f
  6 month 12 month   6 month 12 month
Total energy (kcal/day) 924 (3069) 1048 (2255) 0.057d
Nutrient Density (%) a 0.63 ± 0.20 0.44 ± 0.16 < 0.001e
Carbohydrate (% of energy) 45–56 48 ± 12 53 ± 16 0.04 e 100 100
Protein (g/d) 60 g 45 ± 30 31 ± 15 0.002 e 22.4 10.5
Total Fat (% of energy) 20–35 36 (47) 36 (65) 0.92 d 44.8 34.5
SFA (% of energy) < 10 15 ± 5 10 ± 5 0.02 e 55.4 51.8
Linoleic acid (g/d) 11–17 4.2 (23) 4.0 (22) 0.997 d 7.0 14
n3-PUFA (% of energy) 0.6–1.2 0.3 (1.0) 0.4 (5.8) 0.02 d 17.5 28.1
n6-PUFA (% of energy) 5–10 5.5 (15) 5.6 (35) 0.651 d 61.4 60.7
Fiber (g/d) 25–38 8.7 (31) 5.7(25) 0.001 d 0 0
  1. a.This score distinguishes nutrient-rich foods with high scores from foods with high calories and few nutrients with lower score
  2. b.Dietary Reference Intake (DRI)
  3. c. Data are presented as median (range) or mean ± SD according to normal and non-normal distribution respectively
  4. d. P-value derived from Wilcoxon test for variables do not follow a normal distribution
  5. e. P-value derived from paired t-test for normally distributed variables
  6. f. The percent of individuals who had compliance with standard recommendation
  7. g. The reference has considered based on BS Guide Lines protein recommendation
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