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Table 6 Univariate Analysis for the Predictors of Mortality

From: Predictors of Poor Postoperative Outcomes in Pediatric Surgery Patients in Rural Ghana

Attribute Cohort (n = 468) Alive (n = 460) Died (n = 8) pValue
Age years. mean (SD) 468 9.1 (5.2) 2.7 (3.0) 0.0004
Gender
 Male (%) 422 (90) 418 (91) 4 (50) 0.0043
 Female (%) 46 (10) 42 (9) 4 (50)  
Insured
 No (%) 112 (24) 109 (24) 3 (38) 0.4042
 Yes (%) 356 (76) 351 (76) 5 (62)  
Malaria
 No (%) 182 (88) 179 (88) 3 (100) 1.0000
 Yes (%) 25 (12) 25 (12) 0 (0)  
Anemia
 No (%) 67 (35) 65 (34) 2 (40) 1.0000
 Yes (%) 127 (65) 124 (66) 3 (60)  
Leukopenia
 No (%) 181 (93) 177 (94) 4 (80) 0.2957
 Yes (%) 13 (7) 12 (6) 1 (20)  
Leukocytosis
 No (%) 102 (53) 100 (53) 2 (40) 0.6694
 Yes (%) 92 (47) 89 (47) 3 (60)  
Congenital vs Acquired
 Acquired (%) 420 (90) 414 (90) 6 (75) 0.1936
 Congenital (%) 48 (10) 46 (10) 2 (25)  
Procedure Category
 Gastrointestinal (%) 274 (59) 266 (58) 8 (100) 0.5798
 Genitourinary (%) 61 (13) 61 (13) 0 (0)  
 Injury (%) 71 (15) 71 (15) 0 (0)  
 Miscellaneous (%) 32 (7) 32 (7) 0 (0)  
 Neoplasm (%) 19 (4) 19 (4) 0 (0)  
 Surgical Infection (%) 11 (2) 11 (2) 0 (0)