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Table 5 Univariate Analysis for the Predictors of Prolonged Length of Stay Greater Than or Equal to 4 Days

From: Predictors of Poor Postoperative Outcomes in Pediatric Surgery Patients in Rural Ghana

Attribute Cohort (n = 468) Length of Stay < 4 days (n = 279) Length of Stay ≥ 4 days (n = 189) pValue
Age years, mean (SD) 468 8.5 (5.2) 9.6 (5.4) 0.0256
Gender
 Male (%) 422 (90) 253 (91) 169 (89) 0.6525
 Female (%) 46 (10) 26 (9) 20 (11)  
Insured
 No (%) 112 (24) 52 (19) 60 (32) 0.0011
 Yes (%) 356 (76) 227 (81) 129 (68)  
Malaria
 No (%) 182 (88) 105 (88) 77 (89) 0.8265
 Yes (%) 25 (12) 15 (12) 10 (11)  
Anemia
 No (%) 67 (35) 40 (44) 27 (26) 0.0095
 Yes (%) 127 (65) 51 (56) 76 (84)  
Leukopenia
 No (%) 181 (93) 83 (91) 98 (95) 0.2738
 Yes (%) 13 (7) 8 (9) 5 (5)  
Leukocytosis
 No (%) 102 (53) 56 (62) 46 (45) 0.0188
 Yes (%) 92 (47) 35 (38) 57 (55)  
Congenital vs Acquired
 Acquired (%) 420 (90) 246 (88) 174 (92) 0.1734
 Congenital (%) 48 (10) 33 (12) 15 (8)  
Procedure Category
 Gastrointestinal (%) 274 (59) 151 (54) 123 (65) 0.0011
 Genitourinary (%) 61 (13) 50 (18) 11 (6)  
 Injury (%) 71 (15) 42 (15) 29 (15)  
 Miscellaneous (%) 32 (7) 21 (8) 11 (6)  
 Neoplasm (%) 19 (4) 12 (4) 7 (4)  
 Surgical Infection (%) 11 (2) 3 (1) 8 (4)