Skip to main content

Table 3 Mean opinion scores (standard deviation) for the three domains of the questionnaire

From: Assessment of validity evidence for the RobotiX robot assisted surgery simulator on advanced suturing tasks

  Robotic experience Laparoscopic experience Novices Total group p-values
Task 1      R vs N L vs N R vs L
 Realism 3.5 (0.7) 3.5 (0.6) 3.7 (0.5) 3.6 (0.6) 0.230 0.106 0.853
 Didactic value 4.0 (0.9) 3.7 (1.0) 4.0 (0.5) 3.9 (0.8) 0.892 0.156 0.354
 Usability 3.9 (0.6) 4.2 (0.6) 4.4 (0.5) 4.1 (0.6) 0.007 0.195 0.161
Task 2
 Realism 3.4 (0.8) 3.8 (0.5) 3.8 (0.5) 3.7 (0.6) 0.078 0.975 0.082
 Didactic value 4.0 (0.7) 4.2 (0.5) 4.2 (0.4) 4.1 (0.6) 0.274 0.923 0.360
 Usability 3.9 (0.6) 4.3 (0.6) 4.5 (0.5) 4.2 (0.6) 0.002 0.131 0.094
Task 3
 Realism 3.5 (0.7) 4.1 (0.5) 3.6 (0.4) 3.7 (0.6) 0.470 0.005 0.009
 Didactic value 3.9 (0.8) 4.1 (0.8) 4.1 (0.6) 4.0 (0.7) 0.386 0.801 0.564
 Usability 4.0 (0.7) 4.2 (0.6) 4.4 (0.5) 4.2 (0.6) 0.048 0.227 0.335
  1. Data in this table represents mean scores and standard deviation. Statistical differences were calculated using independent t-test. A p-value of < 0.05 was considered statistically significant (displayed in bold)