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Table 2 Complications by Clavien-Dindo classification

From: Health-related quality of life after laparoscopic repair of giant paraesophageal hernia: how does recurrence in CT scan compare to clinical success?

Complicationsn (%)
Grade II18 (10.9)
 Wound infection6 (3.6)
 Other infection3 (1.8)
 Lung embolism3 (1.8)
 Exacerbation of pulmonary disease2 (1.2)
 Urinary retention2 (1.2)
 Atrial fibrillation1 (0.6)
 Partial infarction of the spleen1 (0.6)
Grade III7 (4.2)
 Chylothorax1 (0.6)
 Esophageal stricture1 (0.6)
 GE-junction perforation1 (0.6)
 Small intestine perforation1 (0.6)
 Small intestine strangulation1 (0.6)
 Gastric paralysis1 (0.6)
 Gastric strangulation1 (0.6)
Grade IV1 (0.6)
 Gastric perforation1 (0.6)
Grade V1 (0.6)
 Perforation of the duodenum1 (0.6)