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Table 2 Frequency of postoperative complications and outcomes of single-level spine percutaneous kyphoplasty by specialty

From: Spine surgeon specialty differences in single-level percutaneous kyphoplasty

Characteristic Total OC (N = 1019) NC (n = 1229) P value†
Overall Complications 230 (10.2) 108 (10.6) 122 (10.0) 0.601
Mortality in 30d 42 (1.9) 24 (2.0) 18 (1.5) 0.121
Systemic Complications 136 (6.0) 63 (6.2) 73 (5.9) 0.81
Occurrence of bleeding transfusions (≥1 unit of packed/whole RBCs given within 72 h post-operatively) 26 (1.2) 17 (1.7) 9 (0.7) 0.039
Pneumonia 25 (1.1) 13 (1.3) 12 (1) 0.5
Pulmonary embolism 15 (0.7) 7 (0.7) 8 (0.7) 0.917
Unplanned intubation 15 (0.7) 7 (0.7) 8 (0.7) 0.917
Ventilator > 48 h 7 (0.3) 3 (0.3) 4 (0.3) 0.895
Stroke/cerebrovascular accident 3 (0.1) 2 (0.2) 1 (0.1) 0.593
Cardiac arrest requiring CPR 5 (0.2) 4 (0.4) 1 (0.1) 0.183
Myocardial Infarction 7 (0.3) 4 (0.4) 3 (0.2) 0.708
Deep venous thrombosis requiring therapy 11 (0.5) 5 (0.5) 6 (0.5) 0.993
Acute renal failure 5 (0.2) 1 (0.1) 4 (0.3) 0.385
Progressive renal insufficiency 5 (0.2) 2 (0.2) 3 (0.2) 0.811
Urinary tract infection 50 (2.2) 19 (1.9) 31 (2.5) 0.292
Sepsis/septic shock 18 (0.8) 8 (0.8) 10 (0.8) 0.94
Wound related Complication 3 (0.1) 1 (0.1) 2 (0.2) 0.676
Unplanned reoperation 82 (3.7) 36 (3.5) 46 (3.7) 0.791
Reoperation related to principal operative procedure 18 (0.8) 4 (0.4) 14 (1.1) 0.048
Days from principal operative procedure to Unplanned Reoperationa   21.54 ± 8.03 18 ± 8.29 < 0.001
Unplanned readmission 214 (9.5) 94 (9.2) 120 (9.8) 0.664
Unplanned Readmission likely related to the principal procedure 74 (3.3) 33 (3.2) 41 (3.3) 0.897
Days from principal operative procedure to Unplanned Readmissiona   14.95 ± 8.55 13.84 ± 7.60 0.001
  1. CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation, OR operation room, N number of patients, NC neurosurgical cohort, OC orthopedic cohort
  2. aValues are presented as the mean and the standard deviation
  3. †Calculated using ANOVA for continuous variables and chi-square tests for categorical variables, differences were considered significant at p < 0.05, and these values are listed in bold type