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Table 2 Frequency of postoperative complications and outcomes of single-level spine percutaneous kyphoplasty by specialty

From: Spine surgeon specialty differences in single-level percutaneous kyphoplasty

CharacteristicTotalOC (N = 1019)NC (n = 1229)P value†
Overall Complications230 (10.2)108 (10.6)122 (10.0)0.601
Mortality in 30d42 (1.9)24 (2.0)18 (1.5)0.121
Systemic Complications136 (6.0)63 (6.2)73 (5.9)0.81
Occurrence of bleeding transfusions (≥1 unit of packed/whole RBCs given within 72 h post-operatively)26 (1.2)17 (1.7)9 (0.7)0.039
Pneumonia25 (1.1)13 (1.3)12 (1)0.5
Pulmonary embolism15 (0.7)7 (0.7)8 (0.7)0.917
Unplanned intubation15 (0.7)7 (0.7)8 (0.7)0.917
Ventilator > 48 h7 (0.3)3 (0.3)4 (0.3)0.895
Stroke/cerebrovascular accident3 (0.1)2 (0.2)1 (0.1)0.593
Cardiac arrest requiring CPR5 (0.2)4 (0.4)1 (0.1)0.183
Myocardial Infarction7 (0.3)4 (0.4)3 (0.2)0.708
Deep venous thrombosis requiring therapy11 (0.5)5 (0.5)6 (0.5)0.993
Acute renal failure5 (0.2)1 (0.1)4 (0.3)0.385
Progressive renal insufficiency5 (0.2)2 (0.2)3 (0.2)0.811
Urinary tract infection50 (2.2)19 (1.9)31 (2.5)0.292
Sepsis/septic shock18 (0.8)8 (0.8)10 (0.8)0.94
Wound related Complication3 (0.1)1 (0.1)2 (0.2)0.676
Unplanned reoperation82 (3.7)36 (3.5)46 (3.7)0.791
Reoperation related to principal operative procedure18 (0.8)4 (0.4)14 (1.1)0.048
Days from principal operative procedure to Unplanned Reoperationa 21.54 ± 8.0318 ± 8.29< 0.001
Unplanned readmission214 (9.5)94 (9.2)120 (9.8)0.664
Unplanned Readmission likely related to the principal procedure74 (3.3)33 (3.2)41 (3.3)0.897
Days from principal operative procedure to Unplanned Readmissiona 14.95 ± 8.5513.84 ± 7.600.001
  1. CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation, OR operation room, N number of patients, NC neurosurgical cohort, OC orthopedic cohort
  2. aValues are presented as the mean and the standard deviation
  3. †Calculated using ANOVA for continuous variables and chi-square tests for categorical variables, differences were considered significant at p < 0.05, and these values are listed in bold type