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Table 5 Thermal lateral spread (TL)

From: Safety and effectiveness of a novel generator algorithm for bipolar vessel sealing: a randomised controlled chronic animal study

Vessel typethermoSEAL mode (TSM)BiClamp® mode (BCM)p value
No.mean ± STD (range) [mm]No.mean ± STD (range) [mm]
All vessels400.68 ± 0.32 (0–1.4)340.72 ± 0.41 (0–1.4)0.61
Arteries270.67 ± 0.31 (0–1.2)250.68 ± 0.45 (0–1.4)0.96
Veins130.69 ± 0.34 (0.2–1.4)90.85 ± 0.27 (0.4–1.4)0.28
Renal arteries70.74 ± 0.13 (0.6–1.0)60.70 ± 0.48 (0.2–1.4)0.81
Femoral arteries100.64 ± 0.43 (0–1.2)80.49 ± 0.40 (0–1.0)0.46
Axillary arteries90.64 ± 0.28 (0.2–1.0)100.85 ± 0.46 (0.1–1.4)0.26
Renal veins50.65 ± 0.28 (0.3–1.0)41.0 ± 0.26 (0.7–1.4)0.19
Jugular veins80.72 ± 0.39 (0.2–1.4)50.72 ± 0.24 (0.4–1.0)0.99
  1. 24% (23/97) of the vessels could not be evaluated (see Results section TL)