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Table 1 In situ vessel or vascular bundle diameters immediately before sealing (All vessels)

From: Safety and effectiveness of a novel generator algorithm for bipolar vessel sealing: a randomised controlled chronic animal study

Vessel typethermoSEAL mode (TSM)BiClamp® mode (BCM)p value
No.mean ± STD (range) [mm]No.mean ± STD (range) [mm]
All vessels984.4 ± 1.4 (2.1–9.6)984.3 ± 1.4 (2.0–11)0.65
Arteries564.0 ± 0.9 (2.1–6.0)564.1 ± 1.0 (2.5–6.8)0.83
Veins365.0 ± 1.9 (2.1–9.6)304.7 ± 1.9 (2.0–11)0.56
Renal arteriesa173.8 ± 0.9 (2.1–5.0)154.3 ± 1.1 (3.0–6.1)0.17
Femoral arteries104.1 ± 0.8 (2.9–5.0)104.0 ± 0.6 (3.5–5.4)0.92
Axillary arteries103.9 ± 0.6 (3.0–5.0)103.5 ± 0.7 (2.5–4.3)0.28
Renal veins156.1 ± 1.8 (3.5–9.6)165.5 ± 1.9 (3.7–11)0.19
Jugular veins92.9 ± 0.8 (2.1–4.2)82.8 ± 0.5 (2.0–3.4)0.76
Vascular bundles64.7 ± 0.5 (4.0–5.5)124.6 ± 1.8 (2.8–9.0)0.89
  1. aCranial and caudal portions were often sealed separately, resulting in > 20 renal arteries (10 animals × 2 kidneys)