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Table 1 Clinical characteristics at diagnosis and laboratory/imaging exams of all patients with IPMN who underwent surgery (n = 124) and of the subgroup who had duodenopancreatectomy or total pancreatectomy (n = 75)

From: Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas and European guidelines: importance of the surgery type in the decision-making process

Variables All type of resection N = 124 N (%) Whipple procedure and total pancreatectomy N = 75
N (%)
Distal pancreatectomy N = 45 N (%) P *
Age (median; range) 66.1 (67; 28–84) 69.2 (68; 53–80) 63,8 (66,5; 28–84) 0.1
Men, n (%) 60 (48) 39 (52) 19 (15) 0.3
ASA score
 1 38 (31) 25 (34) 12 (26)  
 2 81 (65) 48 (64) 30 (66)  
 3 5 (4) 2 (2.5) 3 (8)  
 4–5 0 0 0 0.4
First symptoms
 Acute pancreatitis 23 (18.5) 14 (18) 9 (20) 0.9
 Jaundice 8 (6.5) 8 (10.5) 0 0.9
 New onset of diabetes 8 (6.5) 8 (10.5) 0 0.9
 Weight loss 8 (6.5) 6 (8) 2 (4) 0.7
 Diarrhoea and/or steatorrhea 3 (2.5) 3 (4) 0 0.3
 Signs of chronic pancreatitis 6 (5) 7 (9.5) 0 0.2
 Abdominal pain 23 (18.5) 14 (18) 9 (20) 0.9
 No symptom 45 (36) 22 (29) 20 (45) 0.1
Serum CA 19–9 (n = 33; 27%)   Serum CA 19–9 (realized n = 20; 27%)   
 Normal 21 (63) 12 (60) 9 (20) 0.7
 Elevated 12 (37) 8 (40) 4 (9)  
CT 106 (86) 65 (86) 41 (90) 0.5
MRCP 74 (59) 44 (59) 30 (66) 0.5
EUS 68 (55) 39 (52) 25 (56) 0.8
(EUS-FNA) (29; 43%) (20; 51%) (9; 20%)  
At least two radiologic investigations 89 (71) 39 (52) 45 (100)  
 MRCP + CT 57 (46) 28 (37) 29 (64)  
 EUS + CT 56 (45) 33 (44) 23(51)  
 EUS + MRCP 45 (36) 25 (34) 20 (45)  
 EUS + CT + MRCP 34 (27.5) 20 (27) 14 (31)  
  1. ASA: American Society of Anaesthesiology; CT-scan: computerized tomodensitometry; MRCP: magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography; EUS: endoscopic ultrasound; FNA: fine needle aspiration
  2. * t-test with Welch’s correction for age; fisher exact test for the other variables