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Table 5 Risk-adjusted Odds Ratios of Length of Stay, Morbidity and In-hospital Mortality according to the Surgeon’s Level of Experience and Frequency of Practice

From: The impact of surgical experience and frequency of practice on perioperative outcomes in pancreatic surgery

  Level of Experience Frequency of Practice Risk-adjusted OR 95% CI
LOS > 14 Days Beginner Sporadic 0.78 0.49–1.24
Frequent 1.19 0.72–1.96
Intermediate Sporadic 1.00 Reference
Frequent 0.89 0.58–1.34
Experienced Sporadic 1.12 0.76–1.64
Frequent 0.82 0.58–1.16
DGE* Beginner Sporadic 0.97 0.47–2.01
Frequent 0.33 0.12–0.92
Intermediate Sporadic 1.00 Reference
Frequent 0.54 0.26–1.12
Experienced Sporadic 0.71 0.39–1.31
Frequent 0.49 0.28–0.87
POPF* Beginner Sporadic 0.42 0.19–0.89
Frequent 0.47 0.22–1.02
Intermediate Sporadic 1.00 Reference
Frequent 0.87 0.48–1.58
Experienced Sporadic 0.52 0.29–0.92
Frequent 0.51 0.31–0.85
PPH* Beginner Sporadic 0.68 0.30–1.55
Frequent 0.16 0.04–0.74
Intermediate Sporadic 1.00 Reference
Frequent 0.65 0.30–1.42
Experienced Sporadic 0.89 0.48–1.67
Frequent 0.64 0.35–1.15
Mortality Beginner Sporadic 0.79 0.29–2.21
Frequent no deaths  
Intermediate Sporadic 1.00 Reference
Frequent 0.80 0.31–2.07
Experienced Sporadic 0.56 0.23–1.38
Frequent 0.29 0.12–0.71
  1. Odds ratios were calculated by multivariate regression with adjustment for age, gender, surgical difficulty and year of surgery. *Includes Grade B + C
  2. DGE - delayed gastric emptying, POPF - postoperative pancreatic fistula, PPH - postpancreatectomy hemorrhage, LOS - Length of stay (LOS)