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Table 2 Crude Rates of Length of Stay (> 14 Days), Postoperative Morbidity and Mortality According to Level of Experience and Frequency of Practice

From: The impact of surgical experience and frequency of practice on perioperative outcomes in pancreatic surgery

  Beginner Intermediate Experienced All Patients (n = 1281)
Sporadic (n = 125) Frequent (n = 96) Sporadic (n = 256) Frequent (n = 163) Sporadic (n = 241) Frequent (n = 400)
LOS > 14 Days, n (%) 60 (48.0%) 53 (55.2%) 137 (53.5%) 79 (48.5%) 134 (55.6%) 205 (51.2%) 668 (52.1%)
DGE, n (%) 14 (11.2%) 5 (5.2%) 30 (11.7%) 12 (7.4%) 25 (10.4%) 36 (9.8%) 122 (9.5%)
POPF, n (%) 10 (8.0%) 10 (10.4%) 39 (15.2%) 21 (12.9%) 26 (10.8%) 49 (12.3%) 155 (12.1%)
PPH, n (%) 9 (7.2%) 2 (2.1%) 26 (10.2%) 10 (6.1%) 24 (10.0%) 32 (8.0%) 103 (8.0%)
Cumulative Morbidity, n (%) 25 (20%) 14 (14.6%) 69 (27.0%) 31 (19.0%) 56 (23.2%) 89 (22.3%) 284 (22.2%)
In-hospital Mortality, n (%) 6 (4.8%) 0 (0.0%) 16 (6.3%) 7 (4.3%) 9 (3.7%) 9 (2.3%) 47 (3.7%)
  1. Cumulative Morbidity Includes all Cases With Incidence of Grade B/C delayed gastric emptying (DGE), postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) and/or postpancreatectomy hemorrhage (PPH)
  2. LOS Length of stay