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Table 1 Time spent performing specific tasks and their perceived attractiveness

From: The workday of hospital surgeons: what they do, what makes them satisfied, and the role of core tasks and administrative tasks; a diary study

Tasks Time spent with task How much they liked doing the task
(1 (very negative) - 5 (very positive))
 
Overall
N = 78
Chief of staff/con- sultant
N = 23
Fellow/chief resident
N = 22
Resident
N = 33
Overall Chief of staff/consultant Fellow/chief resident Resident
M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD)
N
M (SD)
N
M (SD)
N
M (SD)
N
Surgery-related
 Performing surgery / assisting surgery 2h20m (1h4m) 2h38m (1 h23 m) 2h41m (1h50m) 1 h53 m (1h48m) 4.25 (.66)
N = 68
4.28 (.44)
N = 22
4.34 (.67)
N = 22
4.13 (.81)
N = 24
 
 Preparing surgical strategy 13 m (14 m) 14 m (13 m) 16 m (16 m) 10 m (13 m) 4.06 (.60)
N = 58
4.18 (.57)
N = 19
4.11 (.54)
N = 20
3.89 (.69)
N = 19
 
Individual patient work
 Medical consultations* 1h10m (1 h) 1h31m (57 m) 1h7m (50 m) 58 m (1h6m) 3.76 (.59)
N = 63
4.02 (.34)
N = 20
3.92 (.51)
N = 19
3.41 (.65)
N = 24
*residents rated it as less attractive than the others
 Ward Rounds* 58 m (41 m) 43 m (21 m) 45 m (25 m) 1 h16 m (52 m) 3.83(.60)
N = 74
4.04 (.52)
N = 23
3.96 (.50)
N = 22
3.57 (.65)
N = 29
*residents spent more time than chiefs/consultants and fellows/ chief residents and rated it as less attractive than others; women rated it as more attractive than men
 Patient-related conversations* 25 m (20 m) 25 m (21 m) 17 m (13 m) 29 m (23 m) 3.58 (.65)
N = 66
3.89 (.49)
N = 19
3.67 (.50)
N = 19
3.31 (.74)
N = 28
*residents rated it as less attractive than the others
Meetings / communication about patients
 Daily meetings 45 m (23 m) 39 m (17 m) 45 m (25 m) 49 m (24 m) 3.53 (.67)
N = 76
3.62 (.60)
N = 23
3.5 (.64)
N = 22
3.49 (.74)
N = 31
 
 Specific meetings* (e.g., tumorboard) 14 m (14 m) 17 m (15 m) 13 m (11 m) 13 m (17 m) 3.63 (.78)
N = 48
3.88 (.68)
N = 18
3.42 (.77)
N = 14
3.53 (.87)
N = 16
*women rated it as more attractive than men
 Other discussions about patients* 16 m (18 m) 16 m (16 m) 17 m (18 m) 15 m (20 m) 3.56 (.72)
N = 50
3.96 (.63)
N = 15
3.54 (.56)
N = 17
3.24 (.79)
N = 18
*residents rated it as less attractive than chiefs/consultants; women rated it as more attractive than men
Teaching / Research
 Continuing education 16 m (25 m) 18 m (31 m) 12 m (11 m) 16 m (27 m) 4.05 (.76)
N = 44
4.4 (.53)
N = 13
4.02 (.66)
N = 15
3.79 (.93)
N = 16
*residents rated it as less attractive than chiefs/consultants. Interaction position x gender: male residents rated it as less attractive than male fellows/chief residents, female residents rated it as more attractive than female fellows/chief residents.
 Research 17 m (40 m) 12 m (33 m) 22 m (41 m) 17 m (43 m) 3.89 (.65)
N = 24
4.08 (.66)
N = 6
3.89 (.80)
N = 10
3.75 (.46)
N = 8
 
 Teaching* 14 m (25 m) 20 m (26 m) 23 m (32 m) 5 m (12 m) 4.22 (.50)
N = 42
4.32 (.47)
N = 17
4.17(.46)
N = 16
4.13 (.62)
N = 9
*residents spent less time than fellows/chief residents
Leadership and Management* 27 m (55 m) 1 h14 m (1h20m) 18 m (26 m) 0 m (0 m) 3.81 (.63)
N = 34
3.81 (.56)
N = 19
3.81 (.76)
N = 14
4 (.00)
N = 1
*residents spent less time than chiefs/consultants, who spent more time than fellows/chief residents
Documentation and Administration
 Patient documentation * 1 h25 m (1 h05 m) 51 m (36 m) 1 h (39 m) 2h06m (1 h13 m) 2.96 (.67)
N = 72
3.19 (.45)
N = 22
3.14 (.65)
N = 21
2.66 (.72)
N = 29
*residents spend more time than chief/consultants and fellows/chief residents; women spent more time than men; residents rated it as less attractive than the others
 General Administration* 46 m (36 m) 42 m (30 m) 40 m (37 m) 53 m (39 m) 2.63 (.78)
N = 72
2.88 (.67)
N = 21
2.79 (.85)
N = 22
2.32 (.70)
N = 29
*residents rated it as less attractive than the others; women rated it as more attractive than men
Othera
 Related to medical tasks (e.g. walking between rooms, waiting) 2h2m (2h2m) 1 h33 m (1h54m) 2h40m (2h11m) 1h58m (1h59m)      
 Unrelated to medical tasks (e.g. breaks, private calls) 5 m (13 m) 9 m (17 m) 3 m (13 m) 3 m (11 m)      
  1. An asterisk in the first column indicates significant differences between groups; these are described in the last column
  2. aThe two subcategories are based on coding the answers provided