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Table 3 Cases of splenic cysts presenting with elevated serum tumor marker levels

From: Laparoscopic fenestration for a large ruptured splenic cyst combined with an elevated serum carbohydrate antigen 19–9 level: a case report

Factor   51
Male/female   12/38
Not described   1
Age (mean ± SD)   28 ± 11
Size (mean ± SD)   12.7 ± 4.7
Chief complaint Abdominal pain 23
  Discomfort, fullness, or heavy feeling 10
  Fever   5
  Back pain   4
  Shoulder pain   2
  None   7
  Others   5
  Not described   10
State of cyst No complications 44
  Complicated   7
   Rupture 4
   Infection 4
   Hematoma 1
Tumor markers CA19–9   50
(high serum levels) CA125   7
  CEA   8
  Others   3
Surgical procedure Splenectomy (laparoscopic) 30 (8)
  Partial splenectomy (laparoscopic) 1 (0)
  Cystectomy (laparoscopic) 4 (2)
  Fenestration (laparoscopic) 4 (4)
  Percutaneous aspiration 14
  Not described 1
Pathology Epithelial cyst 35
  Mesothelial cyst 2
  Pseudocyst   1
  Not described 14
  1. SD standard deviation