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Table 3 Impact of intravenous fluid administered during esophageal surgery on composite outcomes

From: Effect of restrictive fluid therapy with hydroxyethyl starch during esophagectomy on postoperative outcomes: a retrospective cohort study

  Multivariable Adjusted
  Odds Ratio (95% CI) P value
Crystalloid per weight (ml/kg)a 1.008 (0.998–1.018) 0.101
HES per weight (ml/kg)a 1.065 (1.043–1.088) <  0.001
HES-to-crystalloid ratioa 1.595 (1.191–2.136) 0.002
Total fluid per weight per hour (ml/kg/h)a 1.178 (1.095–1.268) < 0.001
HES-to-crystalloid ratio + total fluida
 HES-to-crystalloid ratio 2.125 (1.521–2.969) < 0.001
 Total fluid per weight per hour (ml/kg/h) 1.248 (1.153–1.351) < 0.001
  1. a: Adjusted by ASA class, preoperative hematocrit, preoperative use of diuretics, operation time, and pRBC transfused intraoperatively
  2. CI = confidence interval; HES = hydroxyethyl starch; ASA = American Society of Anesthesiology; pRBC = packed red blood cell