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Table 2 Postoperative complications

From: Effect of restrictive fluid therapy with hydroxyethyl starch during esophagectomy on postoperative outcomes: a retrospective cohort study

Complications Frequency, n (%)
Cardio-cerebrovascular
 Myocardial infarction 2 (0.2)
 Ventricular arrhythmia 3 (0.3)
 Mechanical assist device 9 (1.0)
 Stroke 5 (0.6)
Respiratory
 Mechanical ventilation > 48 h 58 (6.5)
 Pneumonia 135 (15.1)
 Acute lung injury or acute respiratory distress syndrome 26 (2.9)
Renal
  ≥ KDIGO stage2 48 (5.4)
 Renal replacement therapy 14 (1.6)
Gastrointestinal complications 127 (14.2)
Empyema or abscess 16 (1.8)
Sepsis 97 (10.9)
Multi-organ failure 18 (2.0)
In-hospital death 22 (2.5)
Death within 90 days 34 (3.8)
Composite complications 271 (30.4)
  1. Data are expressed as number of patients (%)
  2. KDIGO = Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes