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Table 3 Type of surgery and intra-operative data - EC (Elettrocautery); HS (Harmonic Scalpel); SM (LigaSure); TB (Thunder Beat); RM (Radical Mastectomy); Qu (Quadrantectomy)

From: Advanced hemostasis in axillary lymph node dissection for locally advanced breast cancer: new technology devices compared in the prevention of seroma formation

  EC HS LS TB
Radical Mastectomy + ALND – n. (%) 8 (32%) 11 (44%) 9 (36%) 9 (36%)
Quadrantectomy + ALND – n. (%) 17 (68%) 14 (56%) 16 (64%) 16 (64%)
Intraoperative time (RM + ALND) – mean [range], min. 137,5 [100–170] 159,5 [140–190] 150,3 [118–220] 147,8 [10–205]
Intraoperative time (Qu + ALND) – mean [range], min. 88 [60–100] 90,3 [55–110] 91 [50–108] 99,4 [60–135]
Intra-operative blood loss – mean [range], mL 94,7 [32–150] 76,5 [30–129] 81,6 [23–135] 57,2 [22–103]
Lymph nodes harvested - mean [range], n. 14,9 [7–26] 15,4 [6–28] 15 [8–28] 14,3 [6–26]