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Table 2 Postoperative cardiopulmonary complications

From: Estimated intraoperative blood loss correlates with postoperative cardiopulmonary complications and length of stay in patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic lung cancer lobectomy: a retrospective cohort study

Complications Total (N = 429) EIBL< 100 mL (N = 296) EIBL≥100 mL (N = 133) P-value
Overall morbidity
 Any cardiopulmonary complication 80 (18.6%) 40 (13.5%) 40 (30.1%) < 0.001
 Pulmonary complications 74 (17.2%) 35 (11.8%) 39 (29.3%) < 0.001
 Cardiovascular complications 12 (2.8%) 5 (1.7%) 7 (5.3%) 0.038
Individual cardiopulmonary complications
 Pneumonia 49 (11.4%) 22 (7.4%) 27 (20.3%) < 0.001
 Atelectasis 25 (5.8%) 8 (2.7%) 17 (12.8%) < 0.001
 Pleural effusion requiring chest tube drainage 9 (2.1%) 4 (1.4%) 5 (3.8%) 0.21
 Pulmonary artery embolism 3 (0.7%) 1 (0.3%) 2 (1.5%) 0.23
 Hemoptysis requiring pharmacological intervention 2 (0.5%) 2 (0.7%) 0 (0.0%) 1.0
 Acute respiratory distress syndrome 1 (0.2%) 1 (0.3%) 0 (0.0%) 1.0
 Atrial fibrillation 4 (0.9%) 2 (0.7%) 2 (1.5%) 0.59
 Sinus irregularity requiring pharmacological intervention 5 (1.2%) 2 (0.7%) 3 (2.3%) 0.18
 Ventricular fibrillation 2 (0.5%) 0 (0.0%) 2 (1.5%) 0.096
  1. EIBL estimated intraoperative blood loss