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Table 4 Related factors (represented by their odds ratio) of death among patients underwent percutaneous cholecystostomy versus patients underwent cholecystectomy

From: Outcome comparison between percutaneous cholecystostomy and cholecystectomy: a 10-year population-based analysis

Stratified variables In-hospital mortality 30-day mortality after discharge Total mortality a
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Total 8.35(7.81,8.92) *** 7.31(6.61,8.10) *** 8.64(8.15,9.15) ***
Sex
 Female 11.45(10.31,12.72) *** 8.87(7.54,10.44) *** 11.28(10.29,12.36) ***
 Male 6.52(5.99,7.09) *** 6.18(5.43,7.04) *** 6.95(6.46,7.49) ***
Age stratum
 18–29 y/o 12.46(5.22,29.75) *** 9.63(2.22,41.71) ** 13.31(6.21,28.53) ***
 30–39 y/o 34.22(22.76,51.44) *** 16.23(8.20,32.11) *** 30.57(21.38,43.73) ***
 40–49 y/o 20.07(15.15,26.59) *** 15.34(9.84,23.93) *** 20.72(16.22,26.47) ***
 50–59 y/o 12.88(10.39,15.96) *** 9.37(6.77,12.96) *** 12.42(10.33,14.94) ***
 60–69 y/o 8.34(7.01,9.91) *** 6.62(5.16,8.50) *** 8.25(7.12,9.55) ***
 70 y/o or more 3.67(3.38,3.98) *** 3.65(3.21,4.14) *** 3.89(3.62,4.18) ***
Cause of procedures
 AC with a C/S 4.43(3.80,5.17) *** 5.03(4.07,6.21) *** 4.77(4.20,5.42) ***
 AC without a C/S 2.62(2.26,3.03) *** 3.59(2.84,4.54) *** 3.02(2.65,3.43) ***
 Calculus without AC 13.25(10.89,16.13) *** 7.30(5.20,10.25) *** 11.87(9.97,14.13) ***
 ODGBT 12.08(10.18,14.32) *** 10.87(8.44,14.00) *** 13.64(11.74,15.84) ***
 MNDOP 10.51(8.24,13.42) *** 6.97(4.87,9.98) *** 11.19(8.95,14.01) ***
 Others 4.61(3.83,5.56) *** 3.44(2.36,5.02) *** 5.29(4.42,6.33) ***
CCI score
 0 11.39(10.29,12.62) *** 9.70(8.17,11.51) *** 11.62(10.62,12.72) ***
 1 5.19(4.42,6.08) *** 3.88(3.02,5.00) *** 5.01(4.36,5.75) ***
 2 6.52(5.56,7.64) *** 5.96(4.75,7.48) *** 7.07(6.16,8.12) ***
  ≥ 3 4.79(4.16,5.52) *** 4.52(3.73,5.49) *** 5.42(4.79,6.14) ***
Other
 70 y/o or more & AC & CCI ≥ 3 1.45(1.01,2.09) * 2.48(1.51,4.06) *** 1.72(1.07,2.77) ***
  1. OR odds ratio, AC acute cholecystitis, C/S calculus/stone, ODGBT other disorders of gallbladder or biliary tract, MNDOP malignant neoplasm of digestive organs and the peritoneum, CCI Charlson Comorbidity Index
  2. *: p < 0.05, **: p < 0.01; ***: p < 0.001
  3. a Total mortality was calculated by including both of the cases died in hospital and those who died within 30-days after their discharges
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