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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of patients who underwent percutaneous cholecystostomy and cholecystectomy in Taiwan from 2003 to 2012

From: Outcome comparison between percutaneous cholecystostomy and cholecystectomy: a 10-year population-based analysis

Variable Total (n = 236,742) Percutaneous cholecystostomy (n = 11,184, 4.72%) Cholecystectomy (n = 225,558, 95.28%) P-value
n % n % n %
Sex <0.001
 Female 119,108 50.31% 4570 40.86% 114,538 50.78%
 Male 117,634 49.69% 6614 59.14% 111,020 49.22%
Age stratum <0.001
 18–29 y/o 10,628 4.49% 111 0.99% 10,517 4.66%
 30–39 y/o 27,628 11.67% 310 2.77% 27,318 12.11%
 40–49 y/o 39,299 16.60% 641 5.73% 38,658 17.14%
 50–59 y/o 50,474 21.32% 1367 12.22% 49,107 21.77%
 60–69 y/o 44,744 18.90% 1875 16.77% 42,869 19.01%
 70 y/o or more 63,969 27.02% 6880 61.52% 57,089 25.31%
Cause of procedure <0.001
 AC with a C/S 68,507 28.94% 4116 36.80% 64,391 28.55%
 AC without a C/S 12,597 5.32% 3424 30.62% 9173 4.07%
 Calculus without AC 116,285 49.12% 1244 11.12% 115,041 51.00%
 ODGBT 15,033 6.35% 1381 12.35% 13,652 6.05%
 MNDOP 18,747 7.92% 354 3.17% 18,393 8.15%
 Others 5573 2.35% 665 5.95% 4908 2.18%
CCI score <0.001
 0 163,028 68.86% 5494 49.12% 157,534 69.84%
 1 31,985 13.51% 2828 25.29% 29,157 12.93%
 2 23,314 9.85% 1426 12.75% 21,888 9.70%
  ≥ 3 18,415 7.78% 1436 12.84% 16,979 7.53%
Socioeconomic Status 0.007
 GP 234,136 98.90% 11,032 98.64% 223,104 98.91%
 LIP 2606 1.10% 152 1.36% 2454 1.09%
Hospital level <0.001
 Medical center 112,537 47.54% 6265 56.02% 106,272 47.12%
 Regional hospital 105,701 44.65% 4627 41.37% 101,074 44.81%
 District hospital 18,504 7.82% 292 2.61% 18,212 8.07%
  1. AC acute cholecystitis, C/S calculus/stone, ODGBT other disorders of gallbladder or biliary tract, MNDOP malignant neoplasm of digestive organs and the peritoneum, CCI Charlson Comorbidity Index, LIP low-income population, GP general population
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