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Table 5 48-h mortality, characteristics of non-survivors (n = 30) and survivors (n = 198)

From: Association of pelvic fracture patterns, pelvic binder use and arterial angio-embolization with transfusion requirements and mortality rates; a 7-year retrospective cohort study

n (%) Non-survivors
30 (13)
Survivors
198 (87)
p
Age (years), median (IQR) 62 (30-78) 41 (25-55) 0.001
Male gender, n (%) 16 (53) 141 (71) 0.06
ISS, median (IQR) 38 (26-49) 21 (13-29) <.0001
AIS head, median (IQR) 3 (0-5) 0 (0-2) <.0001
AIS chest, median (IQR) 3 (2-4) 2 (0-3) 0.001
AIS abdomen, median (IQR) 1 (0-3) 0 (0-2) 0.06
AIS spine, median (IQR) 2 (0-2) 0 (0-2) 0.37
GCS, median (IQR) 3 (3-12) 15 (12-15) <.0001
Admission SI (HR/SBP) > 1, n (%) 11 (37) 32 (16) 0.004
Admission SBP < 90 mmHg, n (%) 8 (27) 15 (7.6) 0.004
Base deficit (mEq/l), median (IQR) 9 (3.9-17) 4 (1.9-6.8) 0.0004
Lactate (mmol/l), median (IQR) 4.5 (2.5-9.3) 2.2 (1.4-3.7) 0.0001
Prehospital pelvic binder placed, n (%) 19 (63) 96 (49) 0.17
Time to CT (minutes), median (IQR) 29.5 (23-42) 28 (20-35) 0.15
Angio-embolization, n (%) 7 (23) 20 (10) 0.06
Angio-embolization (for pelvis), n (%) 6 (20) 16 (8) 0.05
Time to embolization, all (minutes), median (IQR) 105 (90-135) 110 (76-169) 0.47
Time to embolization, for pelvis (minutes), median (IQR) 108 (94-129) 98 (74-120) 0.2
Time to embolization, SBP < 90 mmHg (minutes), median (IQR) 105 (98-116) 80 (70-95) 0.21
Total PRBC (units), median (IQR) 7 (2-12) 0 (0-1) <.0001
Tile fracture type:
 Tile A, n (%) 2 (3.8) 50 (96) 0.03
 Tile B, n (%) 5 (7) 66 (93) 0.09
 Tile C, n (%) 23 (22) 82 (78) 0.0003
Injury mechanism:
Falls, n (%) 17 (57) 86 (43) 0.12
  < 1 m 0 7 (3.5) 0.6
 1-5 m 2 (6.7) 25 (13) 0.4
  > 5 m 15 (50) 54 (27) 0.02
Road Traffic Accidents, n (%) 13 (43) 102 (52) 0.3
 Cyclist 2 (6.7) 8 (4) 0.62
 Motorcycle 1 (3.3) 31 (16) 0.09
 Car 5 (17) 40 (20) 0.81
 Pedestrian hit by vehicle 5 (17) 23 (12) 0.55
Crush, n (%) 0 10 (5.1) 0.24
  1. CT Computed Tomography, HR Heart Rate, PRBC Packed Red Blood Cells, SBP Systolic Blood Pressure, SD Standard Deviation, SI Shock Index
  2. Fisher’s exact test was used for categorical data, Mann-Whitney test for continuous non-parametric variables