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Table 2 Studied endpoints of patients who underwent duodenopancreatectomy

From: Does intraoperative closed-suction drainage influence the rate of pancreatic fistula after pancreaticoduodenectomy?

Endpoints Study population
(n = 197)
Passive drainage
(n = 132)
Closed-suction drainage
(n = 65)
 
  No./mean ± SDa (%) No./mean ± SDa (%) No./mean ± SDa (%) p
30-day post-operative morbidity 0.93
 Overall 140 (71.0) 94 (71.2) 46 (70.8)
 Grade I-II 64 (32.5) 44 (33.3) 20 (30.8)
 Grade ≥ III 76 (38.6) 50 (37.9) 26 (40.0)
POPFb
 Overall 75 (38.1) 43 (32.6) 32 (47.7) 0.04
 Grade A 25 (12.7) 11 (8.3) 14 (21.5) 0.03
 Grade B 22 (11.2) 14 (10.6) 8 (12.3) 0.74
 Grade C 27 (13.7) 18 (13.6) 9 (13.8) 0.91
Intra-abdominal fluid collection 45 (22.9) 28 (21.1) 17 (26.1) 0.44
Post-operative hemorrhage 18 (9.1) 12 (9.0) 6 (9.2) 0.97
90-day post-operative mortality 28 (14.2) 20 (15.2) 8 (12.3) 0.59
Length of hospital stay (days) 30 ± 33 - 28 ± 18 - 31 ± 48 - 0.17
  1. aStandard deviation
  2. bPost-operative pancreatic fistula