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Table 1 Characteristics of surgery and non-Surgery VA patients, fiscal years 2006-2009

From: Serious mental illnesses associated with receipt of surgery in retrospective analysis of patients in the Veterans Health Administration

Characteristic Non-Surgerya (N = 6,828,996) Surgery (N = 321,131)
  Mean SD Mean SD
Age (range 18 -100 years) 60.8 17.0 63.7 12.2
  N % N %
Women 376,738 5.5 % 15,620 4.9 %
Race †     
 White 3,762,464 80.2 % 239,385 78.3 %
 African American 810,744 17.3 % 58,617 19.2 %
 Other 117,233 2.5 % 7834 2.6 %
Hispanic † 285,060 6.1 % 18,228 6.0 %
Married 3,450,809 55.7 % 151,250 47.1 %
Census Region ‡     
 Northeast 933,339 15.0 % 39,381 12.3 %
 Midwest 1,370,997 22.1 % 65,564 20.4 %
 South 2,600,064 41.9 % 138,254 43.1 %
 West 1,233,838 19.9 % 73,017 22.7 %
 Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands 74,416 1.2 % 4915 1.5 %
VA Priority 1: 50-100 % service-connected disability 845,452 12.4 % 75,412 23.5 %
Obesity Diagnosis 329,231 5.3 % 89,624 27.9 %
Serious Mental Illness Group     
 Schizophrenia 96,874 1.4 % 7155 2.2 %
 Bipolar Disorder 102,801 1.5 % 6795 2.1 %
 Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder 464,720 6.8 % 23,178 7.2 %
 Major Depressive Disorder 172,441 2.5 % 8269 2.6 %
 No Serious Mental Illness 5,992,160 87.8 % 275,734 85.9 %
  1. aall comparisons significant at p < .0001
  2. †31 % of non-surgery patients had missing data on race/ethnicity because of low rates of inpatient healthcare use; 8 % of major surgery patients had missing data on race/ethnicity
  3. ‡616,275 (9.1 %) non-surgery patients had missing data on Census Region