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Table 5 Results of the study showing primary (pain) and secondary endpoints.

From: Internal sphincterotomy reduces postoperative pain after Milligan Morgan haemorrhoidectomy

  Before 1995 After 1995
  At the discharge  
Pts controlled after operation 479 (%) 220 (%)
Pain 138 (28,81)* 23 (10,45)*
Urinary retention 44 (9,19) 7 (3,18)
Bleeding 4 (0,83) 2 (0,9)
Edema 33 (6,89) 7 (3,18)
Infection 4 (0,83) 2 (0,9)
Fever (>5 GG.) 15 (3,13) 4 (1,81)
  After one month  
  477 (%) 220 (%)
Slow wound healing 150 (31.44) 71 (32.27)
Incontinence 9 (1.88) 4 (1.81)
Stenosis 4 (0.83) 1 (0.45)
  After six months  
  477 (%) 217 (%)
Anal fissure 19 (3.98) 4 (1,84)
Stenosis 2 (0.42) 1 (0.46)
Incontinence 6 (1.26) 3 (1.38)
  After three years  
  322 (%) 210 (%)
Recurrence 7 (2.17) 6 (2.86)
Bleeding 22 (6.83) 25 (11.9)
Skin tags 13 (4.04) 15 (7.14)
  1. *(χ2 : 10,880; p = 0,0001); 95% CI 24.7 to 28.9 (group A) and 10.17 to 10.72 (group B)