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Table 3 Rates of torso injuries in 215 stable trauma patients

From: Emergency department spirometric volume and base deficit delineate risk for torso injury in stable patients

Risk Factor Number TI Rate 95% CI
normal BD and normal SV 71 4.2% 0.0–8.9%
increased BD and normal SV 80 20.0% 12.7–30.0%
normal BD and decreased SV 23 56.5% 36.8–74.4%
increased BD and decreased SV 41 82.9% 71.4–94.4%
  1. TI, torso injury; CI, confidence intervals; BD, base deficit; SV, spirometric volume