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Table 4 Early complications divided in groups according to the implantation technique (Intention To Treat)

From: Totally implantable venous access devices: retrospective analysis of different insertion techniques and predictors of complications in 796 devices implanted in a single institution

Complication Surgical cutdown (102 pts) SC Blind percutaneous (48 pts) BP US guided percutaneous Fisher exact test p value Fisher exact test p value Fisher exact test p value
  (646 pts) US SC vs BP BP vs US SC vs US
Pneumothorax 0 (0%) 4 (8.3%) 0 (0%) 0.009 <0.001 NA
Arterial puncture 0 (0%) 4 (8.3%) 8 (1.2%) 0.009 0.006 0.390
Arrhythmia 0 (0%) 1 (2.1%) 2 (0.3%) 0.301 0.193 0.179
Technique failure 15 (14.7%) 3 (6.2%) 2 (0.3%) 0.181 0.002 <0.001
Access site change after first attempt 0 (0%) 5 (10.4%) 13 (2%) 0.002 0.005 0.233
Total 15 (14.7%) 17 (35.4%) 25 (3.9%) 0.005 <0.001 <0.001
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