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Table 4 Patient outcome results

From: The impact of open versus closed format ICU admission practices on the outcome of high risk surgical patients: a cohort analysis

  Open format ICU
1996-1998
(N = 230)
Closed format ICU
2003-2005
(N = 228)
P-value
Mortality 25.7% 15.8% 0.01
APACHE predicted mortality 18.6% 23.5% 0.03
Morbidity 48.7% 46.1% 0.6
Complications per patient (mean, sd) 1.67 (0.94) 2.09 (1.28) < 0.01
Cardiopulmonary complications 21.8% 25.9% 0.32
Mortality due to cardio- pulmonary complications 12.2% 8.3% 0.02
  1. Values are percentages unless indicated otherwise. ICU: Intensive Care Unit; sd: standard deviation.